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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎309r] (209/664)

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The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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I am also exceedingly pleased with their deep investi
gation in ohose ambiguous matters ana. their Knowledge of the
facts which is in conformity with their justice.
A® regards the commission xor the settlement of all
pending questions which involve difficulties ana that His
Majesty^ Governments attention is occupied by important
matters ana that they have too many important pre-occupations
to attend to this ana that on account of these important
reasons they are unable to divert their attention ana that
you advise me to stop further movements against the Hedjas
Government until they Government) have thoroughly
examined the question in regard to KHURMA and TARABAH and
settled it finally. And you further advise me to prevent
all movements from my side in that direction until the
final settlement of the matter is made; for this I am much
obliged as I had no (ulterior) object in all the previous
actions and have no longer any desire in the places —
mentioned above; but on the other hand they are evacuated
for those reasons and I have no desire to act against the
Hedj&z Government, which is very much esteemed by me; and
these differences were caused only by their (Hedjaz Govt. r s)
previous and late movements, as already stated in my
communications to the officials of His Majesty 1 s Government.
I now undertake to your Honour that no movement what
soever will be made in those places by sny of my tribesmen
on condition that the Hedjaz Government will likewise
desist from all movements of which you are well aware.
As regards my intimation to the respected Colonel
Wilson, His Majesty's Agent at Jeddah, that the inhabitants
of Uejb will proceed to Holy Mecca for the performance of
pilgrimage this year, it is exactly as I had informed him,
that is, they were maxing preparations for this purpose;
but in accordance with your request in the name of His
Majesty's Government, I have issued a warning to all the
inhabitants of Heja to give up the intention of performing

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Content

The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.

The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:

  • copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
  • minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
  • discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
  • discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
  • a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
  • a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
  • copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
  • a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.

The item's principal correspondents are the following:

This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.

Extent and format
1 item (330 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎309r] (209/664), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100036528097.0x000017> [accessed 31 March 2020]

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