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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎310r] (211/664)

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The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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f
(Sf<A
the pilgrimage until next year and I have issued stringehlf
orders to the Amirs in my territories in order tha*t they may
inform my subjects and I myself shall remain in my territory
since my friends His Majesty 1 s Government have themselves
given complete assurance to see that the Sharif does not
advance to any of those places which v/ere the cause of
dispute. And I would request your Honour to convey to His
Imperial Majesty the King and His Majesty 1 s Government
that I have full confidence in their gooa intentions as
well as your good will towards friends for which I beg to
offer to His Koyal threshold and to His Illustrious Govern
ment my thanKs and. gratitude and also for their xind and
friendly sentiments towards their sincere friend.
As regards your communication to His Majesty's Govern
ment on the subject of the visit (of my son) to His Majesty's
capital for paying due respects to His Majesty and my
acceptance of their itina invitation on which they have
expressed their great pleasure. This is an index to their
Kindnesses and will be a means to promote good relations.
I was desiring to send one of my older sons but, as it is
not concealed from you, God be praised for His Supreme
decrees, two of them, namely, (DurJd. and Fahad, have gone to
the mercy of God, may their souls enjoy paradisel Finally
I thought of sending the eldest son 3aud Al-'Abdul- 'Aziz;
but as he became indisposed and was not in a fit condition
for a long journey, I decided to send my son Faisal A1-Abdul
Aziz and one of the Sal-3aud family namely Ahmad Al-l'hanyan
to accompany him and he is one of my best trustees. They,
together with some attendants, are proceeding to Bahrein
after two days from this date.
I hope this visit will be the means of strengthening
the bonds of friendship. Please accept my best respects.
This is what had to be said and may you be preserved.

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Content

The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.

The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:

  • copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
  • minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
  • discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
  • discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
  • a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
  • a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
  • copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
  • a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.

The item's principal correspondents are the following:

This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.

Extent and format
1 item (330 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎310r] (211/664), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100036528097.0x000019> [accessed 31 March 2020]

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