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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎321r] (233/664)

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The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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I intimated t he same to thorn through their Political
Bahrain and their Political Officers in Mesopotamia
th.t if His Majesty s Ocernment no not forbid him, I shall aot
he responsible n he commits an aggression; ana ewe.itea a reply
to my reference for one month, out have received none up to
tfclS day 6ni “ y hri’oesiaen did not commit any trespass or trans
gression until after he (Sharif) had committee the same ana his
actions 7ith the inhabitants of Ueja were contrary to law and
reason in aemuch as bloodshed and plunder of property were
committed in spite of my writings to him to withdraw to his
territories when X should do the same in order to avoid any
embroilment until the disputes are settled and the boundaries
are fixed by arbitration through His Majesty's Government; but
he never replied. On the other hand he says it not his
mention in collecting these forces to advance on furbah and
Xhurmah, but that he intended Al-EiadhJSl-Ahsa an, the destruc
tion 01 Ai-iihawari j, meaning inhabitants of B e jd. Che proof
to substantiate ny statement is in the treaties ana the letter
under his signature and those of my enemies which I hola in my
possession. X am complying with the message of His Majesty the
King-Emperor and X have not the least intention or object in
Hedjaz nor in its parts; but that the whole of my object is to
ae-enu my hone ana my subjects and to protect my rights. If
H,b Majesty's Government desire my withdrawal, I hope and
request four Honour to give me sufficient assurance by which
he (bharn) win not trespass or commit any aggression by pass in
beyond the Hedjaa boundaries, namely "Kshirah" and "Calf" until
I negotiate and communicate with my friends, the High British
Government m order that facts may become known end they nay
know the truthful and the liar; because I m unable to withdraw
6n ia y se±1 y owing to ITejd inhabitants having been
greatly excited by his interference with their religious
oe,iefs and his tres/pass against their homes.
I shall, on

About this item


The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.

The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:

  • copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
  • minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
  • discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
  • discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
  • a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
  • a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
  • copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
  • a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.

The item's principal correspondents are the following:

This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.

Extent and format
1 item (330 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎321r] (233/664), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 July 2019]

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