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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎344r] (279/664)

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The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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I i#lieve that it is incumtent upon areat Britain t©
cru&h this ^shablts with all her power
If the Western v,Qrl(? considers B<&shsvissi aa a social
disease which endangers civiUeati on, should not the
/vahat ite movement in the tear Cast be considered ae such,
in so far as it is brought forward by ignorance and farm*
ticisrn V
(4) The Wahabite fight the ilmjas besauaa they are the
friends of a non*Moslem power, and this power is Great
Britain* mo notice should be taken of other excuses given
by Xbn Eauci, whidh are Only intended to throw duet in the
eyes of British Diplomats, His men will never under stand
my other theory (vis. that the Hejas are in alliance with
a non-Moslem mticn). Had It not been for that* this
hatred to the Hijas would never nave arisen and tise Wmha*
bites would not luive cfifiamitted themselves to the difficult
task of raiding that territory, bhat will be the result if
tills bad spirit floods the Arabian Peninsula ? Does not
wisdom counsel "Mir it In the bud* so that greater sacri
fices may be avoided and %m world spared the task, of re
moving the reaultis of poiaom :trines, by such great
(5) that will be the moral position of Great Britain in
the eyes of the Mfmlm oorlc, in general, ann in the eyes
of the Arabs, in particular, if she refrains from aiding
a trusty ally wiiich is known to have sxpsmiird all Its
strength in fighting a common #n^y t be would never imvt
done tills unless had complete confidence in Great i:ri*
(6) If anarchy Is allowed to reign in the Bedjas juat at a
time when ail Moslftis are preparing to go on Pilgrimage,
(after having been prevented trm performing their religious
obligations for several years), ant especially at this
juncture, when the Moslem world la disturbed at the thought
of ita obscure future what will the feelings of Moslems be,

About this item


The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.

The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:

  • copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
  • minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
  • discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
  • discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
  • a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
  • a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
  • copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
  • a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.

The item's principal correspondents are the following:

This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.

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1 item (330 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎344r] (279/664), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 July 2019]

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