File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [346r] (283/664)
The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
Inaction against ths Wahabit«*. The history of their first
rising when they wished to win the affections of the- Moslem
public, shows quite clearly that the pillage of the histori
cal relics and religious treasures wag lawful and they do
not hesitate to pull down places the distinction of which
will lease gaping wounds in mu-y a heart,
llv) 7M* success Qf the laliaMtt movement will support the
moral prestige of iPirkey t because it will prove to %lm Mos
lems the reality of what the Siltaas of ’iwkey alwaya pre
tended, *Um% they are the protect ore of the Holy Places
which would have hem pillaged had it not been for their
help*. 1 do not think that great Britain would allow such
a false pretension to materialist or the Turks or their
followers to exult over the British and ourselves.
(11) I want the Wmhafcibts to he crushed by the sword and
m% ty * tnreots for the reason above mentioned m well as
for the preservation of our prestige. I do not wish the
name of my father to be dishonaired in his last days, which
ought to be days of honoured ease, after the hardship which
he hag endured. This would lessen the prestige of our
family in the eyes of the Beduin especially, among whan our
mr&l pasm on shsuld fet prt served, if it is dssirta ta
hold open the doors of the Holy Places.
(12) l.'remcenter my father declaring to his intimates that
Great Britain had, at the beginning of the rising, contract
ed to help him to crueh %hy interior revolt v-hich ?aight en
danger his position ant I hope that this is the hour to put
this into execution.
(13) If the Arabic proverb is true *The owner of the house
knows best what’s in it*, may X be allowed to say that the
oriental spirit is only understood by an oriental am no one
else. The decision of others, however astute they may be in
discovering the secret stf any problems, may sometime® bt a
long way from understanding this oriental spirit, because
About this item
The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.
The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:
- copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
- discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
- minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
- discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
- discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
- a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
- a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
- copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
- a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.
The item's principal correspondents are the following:
- High Commissioner, Egypt, General (later Field Marshal) Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby;
- Secretary of State for India [Edwin Samuel Montagu];
- Secretary to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department (John Evelyn Shuckburgh);
- Foreign Office;
- Bin Saud;
- King Hussein;
- Emir Ali [‘Alī bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī], son of King Hussein;
- Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], son of King Hussein;
- Viceroy of India [Frederic John Napier Thesiger];
- War Office;
- Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , temporarily based in Baghdad [ Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson, acting Resident in Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Zachariah Cox's absence];
- Civil Commissioner, Baghdad [held in an officiating capacity by Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson];
- Colonel Cyril Edward Wilson;
- Harry St John Bridger Philby.
This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.
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- 1 item (330 folios)
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- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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- File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition'
- 343r:349v, 508r:508v
- Fayṣal I xx al-Hāshimī, Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī
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