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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎522r] (638/664)

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The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Smir Ali to Itei Sand.
In the nme of God, tho Koet Herciftil, the Compassionate.
?rom Ali Ibn SI Hussein «o the good example of the Honourable
lilnire, ;iie Xllust^O’^s ..mir Abd SI Aziz Ihn Abdel Bahman El
Faisal, may saye Him*
greetings and salaams.
X h^e received your letter of the 15/6/37 in the
happiest time. All what you have stated proving lone and
affection is noted. May God bless you. This is what is
hoped of you. The letters sent with yours to me have been
rec ived. One is addressed to H M mhe tr-f-nrr « iyi •» +T,
u King, and the other
to my brother. H.H. Emir Abdullah. - h ey were sent on at once.
As you have relied upon me in solving the discord happening.
God willing, it i S the blessed hour, and the instant of the
.•■ost Merciful God's help. i have at once submitted what
is necessary to H. The King. men the reply is received
I will send it to you with a special messenger as I did not
liie to delay your m ssenger until the reply ls received. Prom
one point of view, and, as we are from another beginning to
onrush, some of our disobedient Arabs rebelling and aggressing
S ° “ e ° L 0J1 tribes shorn you stated that you had nothing
with them definitely in all respects and that our punishing them
has nothing to do with our relations. Please God, the most
merciful, the compassionate, the object will be gained by
the help of God and this discord will be removed so long as we
arc all undertaking the work of protecting the rights of the
Arab Nation and the welfare of the Moslems generally. May
God grant us success. We are intending to go to the extremities
OL our tribes and to look into their matters. If it is
ossible for you also God willing to meet us in some
intermediate place for solving this question it is all right
ana you will pleas tell us. I will, please God, on 2 th
instant, proceed towards them. Communication will then take
Place between us regarding same. X have written this to

About this item


The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.

The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:

  • copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
  • discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
  • minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
  • discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
  • discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
  • a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
  • a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
  • copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
  • a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.

The item's principal correspondents are the following:

This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.

Extent and format
1 item (330 folios)
Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [‎522r] (638/664), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/390/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 May 2020]

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