Tawḍīḥ al-Tadhkirah al-Nāṣirīyah توضيح التذكرة الناصرية Nīsābūrī, al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad نيسابوري، الحسن بن محمد

Delhi Arabic 1934

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. iv+192+i. It was created in Rabī‘ II 827. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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A commentary by al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥusayn Niẓām al-Dīn al-Aʿraj al-Nīsābūrī (الحسن بن محمد بن الحسين نظام الدين الأعرج النيسابوري; d. 1328 or 9) on the Kitāb al-tadhkirah fī al-hay’ah (كتاب التذكرة في الهيئة; see British Library, MS Or.11209) a treatise on the astronomical system presented in the Almagest of Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus; c 90-c 168) by Naṣīr al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ṭūsī (نصير الدين محمد بن محمد الطوسي; d. 1274).

The copy was completed in Rabī‘ II 827/March-April 1424 (see colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. , f. 192r, lines 20-21, transcribed below).

According to an inscription on the title page (f. 1r), this volume contains part one of this commentary, but in fact it appears to be complete. The text contains numerous diagrams.

A leaf (f. 105) containing (on its recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side only) text and diagrams by a hand other than that of the main scribe has been bound into the volume between ff. 104 and 106. A diagram on a slip of paper (f. 106a) has been bound into the volume between ff. 106 and 107. A slip of paper (frag.) containing notes on both sides was found between ff. 119 and 120.

A slip of paper containing a short note covering a long note in the margin of f. 34r has been lifted and hinged to reveal the note below.

Begins (f. 1v, lines 2-4):

الحمد لله الذي حعلنا من المتفكرين في خلق الأرض والسموات وشرّفنا

بالنظر في هيئة الأجرام المبدعات فهدانا التفكر في المصنوعات والتدبّر في

أمر المدبّرات إلى وجود صانع قدير وحكيم خبير رتبته أعلى وأجل من رتب الممكنات

Ends (f. 192r, lines 13-18):

وجعل ما لقيت في توضيح هذا الكتاب من عرق الجبين وكدّ اليمين

تبصرة للمتفكان في ملكوت السموات والأرضين وتذكرة للمتأ

ملين في عجيب صنع ربّ العالمين وسيلةً لي يوم الدين وسببًا

لرضي أرحم الراحمين فإن الأعمال بالنيات وبها تجلب البركات

وينال الدرجات والحمد لمبدع الكل والصلوة على الهادي إلى أقوام

السبل والسلم على من أتبع الهدى ...

Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 192r, lines 18-21):

... تم الكتاب بعون

الملك الوهاب والصلوة والسلام على خير خلقه محمد وآله الطيبين

الطاهرين وسلم تسليمًا كثيرًا فرغ من تحريره في ماه (؟) ربيع الآخر

سنة سبع وعشرين وثمانمائة

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. iv+192+i
Physical characteristics

Material: Eastern laid paper

Dimensions: 250 x 150 mm leaf [165 x 90 mm written]

Foliation: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Library foliation stamped in black ink

Ruling: Misṭarah ; 20 lines per page; vertical spacing 12 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings and overlinings and some diagram labels in red

Binding: Purple cloth binding

Condition: Waterstain at head and (towards back of volume) foot; insect damage mostly toward gutter, but more extensive towards back of volume

Marginalia: Numerous and by more than one hand

Seals: ff. 1r and 192v

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Manuscript

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Delhi Arabic 1934

History of this record

Date(s)
Rabī‘ II 827 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Provenance
  • ‘Alī Riḍā ibn al-Ḥasan, son of the deceased Ḥāj Muḥammad ‘Alī (علي رضا ابن الحسن ابن الحاج المرحوم محمد علي): his inscription dated 1186/1772-73 (f. 1r);
  • Ikhlāṣ (إخلاص): his seal, dated 1123/1711-12 (f. 1r);
  • Ikhlāṣ (إخلاص)?: his seal (semi-legible), dated 1111/1699-1700 (f. 1r);
  • The Government of India, its seal with central legend 'Delhi MSS' (ff. 1r and 192v).
Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased by the Government of India at sale organised by Delhi Prize Agents, 1859; administrative deposit India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Library, 1876

Related material

Select Bibliography

Studies:

  • Morrison, Robert G., Islam and science: the intellectual career of Niẓām al-Dīn al-Nīsābūrī (London: Routledge, 2010)
  • Morrison, Robert G., 'Nīsābūrī: al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥusayn Niẓām al-Dīn al-Aʿraj al-Nīsābūrī' in The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers , Thomas Hockey et al., eds. (New York: Springer, 2007) pp. 837

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Tawḍīḥ al-Tadhkirah al-Nāṣirīyah توضيح التذكرة الناصرية Nīsābūrī, al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad نيسابوري، الحسن بن محمد, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Delhi Arabic 1934, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037367742.0x000001> [accessed 24 February 2020]

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