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File 1855/1904 Pt 10 'Koweit:- Relations with Turkey. Sheikh's properties at Fao and Fadaghia' [‎83r] (165/398)

The record is made up of 199 folios. It was created in 12 Jan 1908-18 Sep 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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comply with the Turkish demand, perhaps unknown to us until too late, and it is
for this reason I would be elad of something of a reassuring nature which I can
communicate to the Sheik£ I have told him that I am putting the matter before
you in detail and advised nim to await the decision of His Majesty’s Govern-
9. Though an unpleasant question to handle in view of the regeneration of
Turkey it would seem that we are now confronted with the solution of the posi
tion of Koweit as between an independent Sheikhdom or a vassal appanage of
Turkey. The Sheikh is an old man, anxious not to lose a valuable property nor
its revenues during his own lifetime, and in the absence of some solid assistance
which will permanently relieve him of his present difficulty is quite capable of
safeguarding his undoubted rights by compliance with Turkish dfemands and
pleading “ force majeure ” to us. I was told once that he himself had cynically
remarked that it would be for his son Jabir and not for him in his own lifetime to
fight out the position of Koweit between the Turks and the English and while he
thanked God it would be so, he pitied Jabir. The present Wali of Basrah loses
. " 0 opportunity of trying to bring Turkish influence actually into Koweit and to
^ identify Koweit with Basrah—witness the Koweit-Basrah telegraph idea, the sug-
gestibn for Koweit gendarmerie for A 1 Hassa under Turkish officers, ’ and the
frequent meetings between Sheikh Mubarak and the Wali.
10. That Sheikh Mubarak is aware his port and country stand to lose by
definitely becoming subject to Turkey is I think true, but he has now reached an
age (some 7 2 years) when he is also inclined to favour a prospect ensuring him
ease and freedom from Turkish worries during his remaining years and to add
‘aprds nous le deluge
. In reply to your letter No. 1280 of May 22nd last on the subject of the
registration of Sheikh Mubarak’s property at Fadaghia, I have the honour to state
that, accordmg to information I have received here, orders were sent by the
Sublime Porte to the effect that Sheikh Mubarak may transfer his property in the
names of his four sons, as he asked in Mahram Bey’s time, provided he registers
them as Ottoman subjects. &
I understand Slieikh Mubarak has on many occasions applied to have the
land transferred in the names of his sons but that he does not agree to take out
1 eskerehs of Ottoman nationality for them and. on his rprpnt visit- tr> RacnV. I
ment.
No. 20.
Sir,
Basrah,
6th June igio.
I have, etc.,
F. E. CROW,
Lieutenant-Colonel P. Z. Cox, C.S.I., C.I.E.,
His Britannic Majesty’s Resident and Consul-General,
Bushire.

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The papers concern relations between Shaikh Mubarak [Mubārak bin Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ], Ruler of Koweit [Kuwait] and the Government of Turkey [the Ottoman Empire]; particularly in regard to the purchase by the Shaikh of date gardens at Fao [Al Fāw] on the Shatt-al-Arab, and property at Fadaghia, near Fao, both of which were in Turkish territory. In both cases, the Turkish authorities insisted that the Shaikh should first register himself as an Ottoman subject before they would allow the legal formalities of ownership to be completed.

The principal correspondents are the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Zachariah Cox); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Major Stuart George Knox; from 1909 Captain William Henry Irvine Shakespear); the British Consul at Basrah (also referred to as Bussorah) [Basra] (Francis Edward Crow); the British Ambassador at Constantinople (Sir Gerald Augustus Lowther); Shaikh Mubarak; and senior officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Government of India, and the Foreign Office.

The papers cover: papers concerning the Fao property, including the Shaikh's appeals for a committee of inquiry and arbitration over the matter, January 1908 - July 1909 (folios 115-199); papers concerning the Fadaghia property, February 1909 - December 1910 (folios 6-114); Foreign Office paper containing a memorandum communicated to the Turkish Ambassador concerning the Bagdad railway question and other matters, July 1911 (folios 4-5); and correspondence concerning a false report in a Turkish newspaper that an allowance had been granted by the Turkish Government to Shaikh Mubarak, May-July 1912 (folios 2-3).

The French language content of the papers is confined to three folios of newspaper extracts (folios 133-135).

The date range gives the covering dates of all the documents contained in the papers; the covering dates of the Secret Department minute papers that enclose them, as given on folio 1, are 1908-1912.

Extent and format
199 folios
Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1855/1904 Pt 10 'Koweit:- Relations with Turkey. Sheikh's properties at Fao and Fadaghia' [‎83r] (165/398), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/51/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037401201.0x0000af> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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