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File 1855/1904 Pt 9 'Koweit:- Relations with Turkey. Sheikhs claim to Bubiyan, Warba & Umkasr' [‎265r] (131/228)

The record is made up of 113 folios. It was created in 8 Dec 1903-11 Apr 1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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To
No. 57 of 1905.
government of IND!a.
foreign department.
SEC RET.
External.
The Right Hon’ble St. JOHN BROHRICK,
Mis Majesty's Secretary of State for India.
Fort William, the 16th March 1905.
/ „ Sir,
A
^ , ,,,^ e , have theJio nour t0 refer t0 onr despatch No. 25 (Secret-External)
of 4th I ehruary 1904, and to the subsequent telegraphic correspondence
T ^'hh your telegram of 18th May 190 f on the subject of the measures that
should be taken to obtain the evacuation of Bubiyan Island by the Turkish
troops which are at present stationed there.
2. In that despatch we submitted, for your consideration, the following
alternative proposals :— 5
. W That the Porte should be informed that we were unable to recognise
eir right to maintain a station on Bubiyan, and should be requested to with-
™ t * ie ; lr troops; while at the same time we should establish a post on behalf
ei h Mubarak on the northern end of the island opposite to the southern
aneiorage. Me pointed out that he had several boats, and could easily, with
small support from us, prevent Turkish troops from crossing the Khor Subbiyeh
or channel between Bubiyan and the mainland on the west.
(6) Should His Majesty’s Government deem it advisable to spare the
u an s susceptibilities by the adoption of a less pronounced course of action,
e suggested that our object might be secured by intimating that we regarded
u iyan Island as belonging to the Sheikh, and that, unless the Turkish force
were withdrawn, we should be constrained to support him in establishing a
no rth em shore to balance the Turkish posts at Um Kasr and
th • i j " c °hserved that in this case the Turks would probably retire, and
e is and would remain unoccupied. The Sheikh would then resume possession,
d i would only remain for us to carry out hereafter such further measures
might be necessary for the maintenance of our legitimate interests.
3. Since then, the following action has been taken :—
j, D 1 April 1904, His Majesty’s Ambassador at Constantinople suggested to
, e ' ar d uess of Lansdowne that he should first remind the Porte of his pre-
ious remonstrances against the maintenance of a Turkish military station on
if 6 r tb - east corner the island and press for its withdrawal, and that then,
’ a er a lapse of some months, his representations had produced no effect, the
cond alternative intimation referred to above should be made to the Turkish
government.
Mhh May, Sir N. O’Conor was authorised to take action in accordance
• 1 . a 1 ? own suggestion, and on 18th May we were informed that, should the
m T? 011 rema i n l° r some time without effect, the active measures recom-
oaded in our despatch to you of 4th February would be considered further.

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The papers concern the claims of Shaikh Mubarak [Mubārak bin Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ], Ruler of Koweit [Kuwait] to the islands of Bubiyan, Warba, and Umkasr [Umm Qaşr] against the competing claims of the Government of Turkey [the Ottoman Empire].

The principal correspondents are the British Ambassador at Constantinople (Sir Nicholas Roderick O'Conor); the Viceroy of India (Baron Curzon of Kedlestone; from 1905 the Earl of Minto); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Major Percy Zachariah Cox); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Major Stuart George Knox); and senior officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Government of India, and the Foreign Office.

The papers cover: the nature of the claims of the Shaikh of Kuwait to Bubiyan and Umm Qaşr, December 1903 - April 1904 (folios 285-312); the views of the Viceroy on the issue, April 1904 (folios 279-283); proposed representations to the Ottoman Government by the British Ambassador at Constantinople concerning the establishment of Turkish military posts on the islands, May 1904 - May 1905 (folios 246-278); the Shaikh of Kuwait's views on a proposal that he establish a post on Bubiyan Island, and the proposed establishment of a permanent British Agent at Kuwait, June 1905 (folios 231-245); and papers concerning the Shaikh of Kuwait's rights over Warba and Bubiyan islands, including the view of the British Government in 1910 that it was inadvisable to assert the Shaikh's rights at that time, November 1907 - April 1910 (folios 201-230).

The date range gives the covering dates of all the documents contained in the papers; the covering dates of the Secret Department minute papers that enclose them, as given on folio 200, are 1904-1910.

Extent and format
113 folios
Written in
English in Latin script
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File 1855/1904 Pt 9 'Koweit:- Relations with Turkey. Sheikhs claim to Bubiyan, Warba & Umkasr' [‎265r] (131/228), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/51/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037401203.0x00008b> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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