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The record is made up of 1 volume (88 folios). It was created in 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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When divided by locality they are known as Pusht-i-Kuh (hill tribes) and
Zir-i-Kuh (plain dwellers), and are grouped as follows :—
The inhabitants of Behbehan, Zaidan, Humajat, Liravi (coast district),
and Bandar Dilam are also classed as Zir-i-Kiih Kuhgalus, but they are
this system is followed in this article. For a description of the inhabitants
of those places see under their respective names. Details regarding the sub-
Characteristics .—In 1909 Lieutenant Wilson said the Kuhgalu were gen
erally of smaller build, less good looking, less striking in appearance, but more
daring, more suspicious, more thievish, and more savage, though less
well armed than the Bakhtiari. Probably only one man in three had a ser
viceable rifle, and grown men carried a little sling, wherewith to slay birds
and other small animals. ”
In 1910, however, Lieutenant Ranking said :—
“ The Kuhgalu are infinitely better armed and physically are a finer raco
than their neighbours the Bakhtiaris, or the tribes who inhabit Western Lur-
istan. They are wild and lawless, most notably the Taiyibi, who have gained
an unenviable notoriety in connection with their depredations on the Lynch
Road (Ahwaz to Isfahan via the Bakhtiari Country).”
Since then they have probably armed themselves still better as Behbehan
had become, in 1912, a depot for the sale of arms, and many cargoes were
probably run across from the Arabian coast to near Bandar Dilam.
Relations with British .—In 1909 Lieutenant Wilson wrote as follows regard
ing British relations with the Kuhgalu.
“ The principal Kuhgalu chiefs are anxious to open up friendly relations
with the British. That it is desirable from our point of view that such should
exist is indisputable. The existence of important British interests, in the
shape of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company’s works, at Mamatain, close to the
Kuhgalu border, is in itself a sufficient justification, for the population of
Mamatain consists mainly of Kala Kaj Kuhgalu (Bahmai). We must not
put all our eggs into one basket by cultivating the friendship of the BakhtiHri
to the neglect of the Kuhgalu, whose virile qualities will sooner or later en
sure them a position and a hearing in the settlement of local problems.”
Should the Kuhgalu wish to annoy the Bakhtiari, they could easily seize
Mamatain, and could not readily be turned out, though their numbers, only
one fifth of the Pakhtiarls make it unlikely that they could oiler a prolonged
(1) Pusht-i-Kuh.
(2) Zir-i-Kuh.
Bulr Ahmadl.
Dushman Ziarl.
Khadiri (Liravi).
Agha Jari.
sedentary and sometimes excluded from the classification of Kuhgalus, and
divisions of the Kuhgalu will also be found under the individual sub-tribes.

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The volume consists of corrections to the Gazetteer of Persia Volume III (1910 Edition). This volume was produced in 1913 (4th series) by the General Staff, India.

The gazetteer includes entries on villages, towns, administrative divisions, districts, provinces, tribes, halting-places, religious sects, mountains, hills, streams, rivers, springs, wells, dams, passes, islands and bays. The entries provide details of latitude, longitude, and elevation for some places, and information on history, communications, agriculture, produce, population, health, water supply, topography, climate, military intelligence, coastal features, ethnography, trade, economy, administration and political matters.

Printed at the Government Monotype Press, Simla.

Extent and format
1 volume (88 folios)

The entries are arranged in alphabetical order from front to back, with cross-references where required.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 88; these numbers are printed or in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'CORRECTIONS TO GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOLUME III' [‎55r] (111/180), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/143, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 January 2020]

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