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The record is made up of 1 volume (88 folios). It was created in 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Feuds .—The Kfihgalu na a tribe are much weakened by the almost inces
sant feuds existing between the different divisions. In 1909 the principal
inter-tribal feuds were as follows :—
Bfiir Ahmadi versus Dushman Ziari.
Bahmai versus TaiyibI (part only).
Bahmai of Zaqi Khan')
Bahmai of Muhammad )■ versus Bahmai of ‘All Murad Khan.
Husain Khan J
Mr. Chick in 1910 said the Kuhgalii as a whole leant more towards the
Qashqai than the Bakhtiarl, with whom they are usually at enmity. They
have also been known to combine with the Mamassani, who are sometimes
even classed as Kuhgalus.
Travels .—On account of the fact that the Kiihgalu tribes are split up into
a number of mutually hostile factions, these must be reckoned with when
moving from valley to valley. In 1909, however, Wilson said there was
no reason to suppose that any serious obstacle would be encountered (jby
a suitably qualified officer, who took care to travel as far as possible under the
auspices of the various Khans. A qualified officer would have no difficulty
in seeing most of the KuhgalQ country, though he w T ould have to be chary of,
open note-taking and of instrumental observations, as the Kuhgalu tribes
men are suspicious in the extreme of such doings in their country. The best
time for travel in the Kuhgalu country is spring and early summer, when grass
is abundant, and animals can graze. Grain and fodder are scarce.
Punitive measures .—It would be extremely difficult to inflict summary
punishment on any section of the Kuhgalu, especially on the Buir Ahmadis
or the TaiyibI, who are the w T orst offenders, as their country is difficult of
access, their property mostly moveable, and their migrations short.
The following table gives the location of the several divisions of the Kuh-
galu with their estimated fighting strength, w r hich in most cases is an arbitrary
figure, differing greatly under difierent authorities.
Revenue .—The Kuhgalu except the Bahmai, who are under the Bakhtiarls,
are under the Governor of Behbehan, w T ho until recently was under the Gover
nor-General of Ears, but is now under the Bakhtiarl Ilkhani (1912). Each divi
sion has its own chiefs, who are responsible for the annual tribute, So long
as this is paid, and the tribes do not harass their Persian neighbours or en
gage in serious hostilities among themselves, their internal government
is not greatly interfered with.
Speaking generally w r e may say that all the various sub-tribes, which go to
make up the Kuhgalu, are taxed on the same principle, with but minor points
of difference between the various systems. Their malidt or taxation is of two
kinds, viz. :—
(a) KhcJcl and (6) Badi or Sari, Khaki being taxation on cereals and pro
perty, w r hile Sari is a poll-tax.
Tenants usually pay Khaki, at a rate of J or J produce in kind, to the land
lord, in addition to the Sari. The taxation is not heavy and bears but lightly
on the tribesmen.

About this item


The volume consists of corrections to the Gazetteer of Persia Volume III (1910 Edition). This volume was produced in 1913 (4th series) by the General Staff, India.

The gazetteer includes entries on villages, towns, administrative divisions, districts, provinces, tribes, halting-places, religious sects, mountains, hills, streams, rivers, springs, wells, dams, passes, islands and bays. The entries provide details of latitude, longitude, and elevation for some places, and information on history, communications, agriculture, produce, population, health, water supply, topography, climate, military intelligence, coastal features, ethnography, trade, economy, administration and political matters.

Printed at the Government Monotype Press, Simla.

Extent and format
1 volume (88 folios)

The entries are arranged in alphabetical order from front to back, with cross-references where required.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 88; these numbers are printed or in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'CORRECTIONS TO GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOLUME III' [‎56r] (113/180), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/143, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 April 2020]

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