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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎54r] (116/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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(a) At present -the obligations oi His Majesty's
oveminent to Koweit were represented by their undertaking
o grant "good offices" in respect of Koweit under the
399 Agreement, by their premise of 1907 that "the town of
<owelt and its boundaries belong to Sheikh Mobarak-us-
3uba, Buler of Koweit, and to his heirs after him" and
isir undertaking of 3rd November 1914 that Koweit, in
ne event of a victory over the 'lurks, would be recognised
/ us as an independent principality under British protec-
Lon. Th*y ware thus very general in terns, and, in ac-
ordanee with our normal policy on the Arab littoral,
lich dated from & period in which it was possible to
’oteet a e®a port by action from the ssa, but not to
■ford effective help inland, we had consistently
ideaveured to limit cur obligations save as regards
;ood officss" to Koweit town and the immediately ad
ding area, Recent expsrif-cncc* had, however, shown that
i cases of intervention from outsido it was in fact
jeessary to give the Sheikh, at cur discretion, and on
ir own terms, a measure of active assis tance up to the
mit of his frontiers and with the development of aircraft
ie problem of inland defence was now less difficult. This
■s to seme extent a strengthening of his strict treaty
>aitlon, as also possibly an extension of our strict treaty
'ligations.
(b) With regard to the suggested establishment of a
■otectorata it was necessary to consider what the reactions
the Shaikh would be, and also what effect the proclama--
.on of a Protectorate might have on the other Arab rulers
the Gulf. It woul^ in any case be wiser not to make an
ert proclamation of this nature since both in Bahrain and
i Qatar and along the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. it would probably rouse
apprehensions..
• »

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Content

Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎54r] (116/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037551402.0x000075> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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