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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎56r] (120/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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<r"
7.
COLO TEL FOWLS expressed the view that there did not
seem to he any intermediate position possible between a
treaty relationship with the jheikh on the present lines
and a full Protectorate, The Sheikh would certainly be
unwilling to agree to the sheikhdom becoming a formal
protectorate, and prima faci& he (Colonel Fowle) was not
much in favour of it 0 He agreed, however, that it would
be advisable on suitable opportunities, to try to tighten
up our control over the Sheikh.
On being questioned whether he did not consider that
our restricted nosition vis-a-vis of the Sheikh in regard
to the Koweit oil concession indicated the essential weak
ness of our treaty position, he replied that our difficul
ties in that case had been due rather to the special
undertakings given to the United States Government in that
■matter than to any weakness in our norma], control over the
Sheikh under the treaty engagements. Had we been able,
without violating our pledges to the United States Govern
ment, to tell the Sheikh that we required him to give the
concession to the Anglo-Persian Oil Company he would ha.ve
done so.
MR. RENDEL drew attention to the fact that in the
event of serious misgovernment by the Ruler of Koweit such
as orejudicially to affect foreign citizens in Koweit we
might find ourselves in a difficult position vis-a-vis
the foreign power concerned, MR. LAITHWAITE said that
on this noint he thought that Bahrain might be regarded as
loc us classic us , We had for many years put up with a
considerable degree of misgovernment by Sheikh Isa 0 But
when conditions at last in our view became intolerable we
did not hesitate to intervene and to depose the Sheikh.
There

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Content

Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎56r] (120/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037551402.0x000079> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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