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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎57r] (122/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Taere were obvious arguments--for doing so, for were we
not to intervene when misgovernment had reached a certain
pitch it would be most difficult for us to justify a re
fusal to allow foreign governments which mig^t be affected
to take steps to protect the interests of their nationals.
e did not think that there need be any apprehension in
the case of F oweip that we would fail to bring pressure on
a Sheikh who was abusing his position, once it became
necessary to do so. The case for early intervention
would probably be stronger now that the Gulf was so much
more in the public eye.
The meeting then went on to consider relations between
Ibn Gaud and Koweit. SIR AIDITSW RYAH stated that he had
been impressed by the apparent weakness of His Majesty's
Government's position vis-a-vis of Ibn Baud with regard
to Koweit. His ! ajesty's Government were not strongly
placed, when it became necessary to warn Ibn Baud to keep
his hands off Koweit, since they were committed to maintain
ing that Koweit was technically an independent State. A
case in point had been the Saudi intrusions into Koweit
territory referred to in paragraph 3 of his note, when
Saudi officials had performed acts of authority within the
limits of the sheikhdom. COLO EL FOWLE pointed out that
in fact our treaty engagements did entitle us to prevent
foreign Powers from dealing direct with the sheikh. Ibn
Saud had certainly been informed of the special relations
existing between the Sheikh and His Majesty's Government.
Speaking generally, he added that infact little trouble
was likely to be experienced with foreigners in Koweit,so
long as it remained a Beduin town reded by a Beduin Sheikh
and not, like Bahrain, p, relatively cosmopolitan commercial
centre. If,however,oil were discovered v/ithin the uheikh-
aom, it was possible the/t difficulties might arise.

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Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎57r] (122/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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