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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎61r] (130/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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without our knowledge and consent. Eventually it was
agreed that the roost suitable occasion for the proposed
representations to the Sheikh and Ibn Baud would be Ibn
Baud's letter suggesting terms for the settlement of the
Saudi blockade of Koweit and warning the Sheikh against
His Majesty’s Government c
At the conclusion of the meeting SIR A. RYAN raised
the question of the pressure which might be exerted upon
Ibn Baud in regard to the Saudi blockade of Koweit. This
blockade had one of two purposes, either to complete the
economic strangulation of Koweit and lead to its complete
absorption in Saudi Arabia., or else the safeguarding of
Saudi economic interests„ His Majesty’s Government could
not possibly allow the first of these alternatives. The
question therefore was what real force there was in Ibn
Saud’s suggestion that his own purely economic interests
required the maintenance of the blockade. COLONEL FOWLE
suggested that we might well revert to the Sheikh's
proposal that Ibn Saud should have customs posts at a
given place along but outside the Kov^eiti border, and
unut this mightj if necessary, be coupled with a system
of manifests for Koweiti-Saudi trade. He gave it as his
opinion that even if Ibn Saud were to develop Ras Tanura,
possibly with American help, this port was not likely to
compete seriously with Koweit, which served quite a
different hinterland, nor was there any port between the
Koweit area and the Ras Tanura area which could be
successfully developed as a rival to Koweit.
COLONEL FOWLE suggested that on his return to the
Gulf
• • e

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Content

Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎61r] (130/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037551402.0x000083> [accessed 25 January 2020]

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