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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎63r] (134/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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S ir u-jidrew 'iyan ,
Ibn Baud's attitude tov/ards Kov/ait o
I have been turning over in ny mind for some time the
possibility that it may be a definite object of Ibn Saud‘s
policy to reduce Kowait to a position of dependence on him
somewhat similar to that of nsir from 1926 to 1950. This is in
the nature of a pure speculation but it is a speculation so
interesting that I think it worth while to collect the
principal data bearing on it. It must be admitted at the
outset that, if Ibn Saud had such an idea in his head, he
would realise the need for great caution lest he should indispos
His Majesty's Government. His only formal obligation towards
the latter is that contained in article 6 of the Treaty of Jedda
but he understands very well the implications of the words
therein ,? who are in special treaty relations with His Britannic
Majesty's Government H . On the other hand he has seen His
Majesty’s Government tolerate direct correspondence on business
subjects between him and the Sheikh of Koweit. He might think
that they would not react over strongly if he and the Sheikh
confronted them with the fait accompli of a political deal,
2o Apart from the correspondence, of which we have knowledge
there has been other intercourse between the rulers, notably the
Sheikh's visit to Riadh in 1952, the secret messages brought by
Ibn Sand’s confidential messenger to the Sheikh early this year
and the Sheikh’s mysterious dashes into Mejd last February,
when Colonel Dickson surmised that he had gone to meet some high
Saudi personage, possibly Ibn Saud himself.
3. I may interpolate, as a minor indication of Ibn Sand’s
attitude, a reference to two occasions on which it has been
suggested or hinted by his Ministry of Foreign Affairs that His

About this item


Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎63r] (134/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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