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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎64r] (136/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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l ajesty's Gov ,rnrient should not concern theuselves with afiuixS
between Saudi Arabia and Kowaii. I class then as minor, oeoauso
this position has never been categorically asserteu. rhe xiist
was when, in reply to a coaplaint of nine regarding Saudi
encroachments on Kovait territory, which hid perturbeu his
bajesty's Government, the reply was in effect: "Sorry you navo
been perturbed. You need not have been if the matter had b„en
pursued through An. Kafisi". On another occasion buad hey, in
rather light conversation, asked me why we concerned ourselves
in natters between his Governnoat end j-.Oi.'ait.
4. ahe -oersonal relations between the two rulers are peculiar,
Ibn Gaud grew up at I,ovait and it is sometimes said that he has
shown himself ungrateful to his former hosts. It is saiu ey
others, I do not know on what precise grounds, that wubarak
treated Ibn baud very badly. nyhow, through all the i elation.,
there runs a thread of old friendship, however flimsy and
however frayed by frequent friction over raids, the emoargo
and so on. It has helped towards the settlement of minor
questions. It has not deterred Ibn baud from emoremg une
embargo on trade but the embargo on trade has not aesxroyeu tne
Sheikh's ostensible friendliness towards Ibn Sand, rhey are ^
hjeades ,kabo" .s I once wrote and they both corbine some real
friendship for bis mjesty’s Goverment and a nealthy ion of
them with a good deal of fundamental mis'crusi.
5. idie point of my theory or speculation is that, n wie
Sheikh of Aowait were at all willing to be "..sirized", Ibu Saud
could make the proposal quite attractive on me following liuoo,
if I may venture to put into his mouth the sort of language
he could use:-
(a) "You arc not really independent, ny dear felloe, fou
"are under the thuao of the .nglisn. - ne^ miignt cuinex you at

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Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎64r] (136/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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