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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎68r] (144/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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5.
The undertakings given in writing to the sheikh on
3rd November 1914 in return for hi
Turks contained an assurance that
s cooperation against the
i( Koweit shall be recognised
as an independent principality under British protection.^
Construction of the unde r takings given
to the’ Sheikh ."
4. As will be seen, the engagements entered into by
His majesty's Government with the Sheikh are in rather
general terms and it is perhaps desirable briefly to record
the construction placed upon them at various times by His
Maje sty’s Government.
5* In 1901, when there was a Turkish threat to Koweit
the Viceroy was informed (secretary of State’s telegram No.45
of 4th December 1901, p,1417/01) that this "appears to
constitute a distinct violation of the Sultan*s promise" (to
respect the status quo) "and in these circumstances His
Majesty's Government are prepared to support the Sheikh and
will not tolerate an attack by Turkish troops or ships upon
Koweit. The sheikh should not leave Koweit and should
continue to observe his engagement with us". The assurance
given is clearly limited by the words "in these circumstances"
to this particular case. Moreover, it is not conditional on
and is independent of the sheikh's observance of his
Agreement of 1899.
6* On 21st March 1902 Lord Lansdowne, then Secretary
of State for Foreign Affairs, ho a Memorandum on the situation
in Koweit remarked that our obligations towards the Sheikh
were "as ill-defined as the boundaries of his Principality.
We have distinctly announced that he does not enjoy British
"protection"; on the other hand we once made him a present of
£1,000, and promised him our "good offices" whatever that may
mean. When we made this promise we were, I feel no doubt,
thinking/

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Content

Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎68r] (144/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037551402.0x000091> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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