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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎69r] (146/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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- vJ -
thinking of Koweit proper, if there is such a thing,and not
of Boohyan or other outskirts over which the Sheikh has
rights of one sort or another...We might it seems to me
explain (1) to the Porte (3) to the Sheikh, and (3) to the
foreign Powers immediately interested the objects of our
policy. I should he inclined to say that our engagements to
Koweit do not extend beyond the district adjoining or close
to the bay of that name and to endeavour to obtain the
adhesion of the Porte and of the Sheikh to our approximate
definition of that district..."
7. Later in 1902 it was reported that Ibn Rashid was
making energetic preparation for attacking Ibn Baud, then
the Sheikh of Koweit 1 s friend, and the Sheikh was warned not
to take any action likely to bring him into difficulties with
either Nejd or Turkey. About the same time the sheikh
informed us that Ibn Rashii had with him a gun presented by the
Turks and asked for a gift of 2 or 3 guns which it was
understood were wanted for Jehara to protect Koweit against
land attach. The Viceroy (telegram No.39 of 3rd October 1902)
proposed to reply that the Sheikh's request could not be
granted, "but that provided he c omplied with the injunction
conveyed to him in pursuance of your telegram of 4th December
1901 (see paragraph 5 above) His Majesty's Government v/ould
charge themselves with the defence of Koweit district." The
Secretary of State after consultation with the Foreign Office
(F*0. letter of 13th October 1902) replied (telegram No.133
of 14th October 1902) "I approve your proposed reply about
the guns, provided Koweit district is clearly defined as the
district adjoining or close to the bay of that name." This
assurance similarly admits of being read as an assurance
off.hoc , and it is relevant that when, in April 1911, enquiry
was made by the Secretary of State for India of the Government

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Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎69r] (146/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 January 2020]

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