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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎72r] (152/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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6
x
rov
/s v
I.
ag
12. In Aug: 1911 tbs Government of India, after
consultation with the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Sir P,Cox)
recommended that H.M.G. should communicate to the Turks
a copy of the Agreement of 1699 with a note that H.M.il.had
subsequently informed the Sheikh that so long as he and his
heirs and successors acted up to their obligations under the
11 Agreement, we charged ourselves to support them and to
protect Koweit against attack by land or sea." The
Secretary of State for -India, on closer consideration, found
himself unable to accept this proposal. India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. letter
to the Foreign Office of 30th October,1911, P.1446/11,
remarked: "The telegrams of 4th December 1901 and 14th
October 1902, on which the Government of India appear to
base the obligation to protect Koweit by land ana sea,, in
the Marquis of Crewe's opinion clearly refer only to the
incidents that occasioned tnem and cannot oe undersoooa
have given any general undertaking, dor, in view of the iact
that it has since been decided that our obligations extern
to the whole of the Sheikh’s territory as described in
Lorimer’s Gazetteer, would it be sate to pledge ourselves to
any specific method of defending them. As was pointed out
by Lord Morley in this Office letter of 6th April last, the
term "good offices" (which by Colonel Meade’s letter of 23rd
January 1999 we undertook to accord to the bneikn)is &
conveniently vague one and Lord Crewe is oi opinion that it
is neither necessary nor safe to go beyond it. The action
taken by H.M.G. in 1901/02, when men and gins were landed
at Koweit to defend it against unprovoked Turkish aggression,
will, moreover, have made it plain to tne Poroe in w,nt .^ay
we are prepared to interpret the term ix necessity ariseo.
"His Lordship would therefore suggest that the
formula should run: "As regards No.l, H.M.G. have informed
the Sheikh of Koweit .that so long as he and his s ^^g g ^/
H

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Content

Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎72r] (152/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037551402.0x000099> [accessed 25 January 2020]

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