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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎73r] (154/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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- 7 -
7
(S)r
successors act up to their obligations under the Agreement,
undertake to support them and accord them their good
offices," with perhaps the addition that H.M.G. reserve
to themselves the right to interpret that term at their
discretion." The Foreign Office (F.O.letter dated 1st
November 1911) accepted the proposed redraft and addition
and a communication in this sense was made to Tewfik Pasha
in Sir Edward Gray’s letter of 24th October 1911(42135).
13. The undertaking given in 1914 that Koweit "shall
be recognised as an independent principality under British
protection" may be regarded as importing a degree of
responsibility for the protection of the principality as a
whole.
14. On the death of Sheikh Mobarak his eldest son was
informed in March 1916 on his accession by the Viceroy that
"so long as you act up to the existing arrangements with the
British Government you may expect the same support as was
enjoyed by your father." A similar assurance was given on
Sheikh Jabir’s death in 1917 to his brother and successor,
Sheikh Salim, in March 1917. Sheikh Salim’s conduct was
unsatisfactory and it ?/as found necessary to warn him,through
the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , on 5th July 1918, that the
assurances (which presumably covered the assurauce of 3 Nov.
1914) conveyed to him on his accession were conditional on
his good behaviour and that should acts "contrary to the
interests of (His Majesty’s Government" "unfortunately be
committed in future" he would be held personally responsible.
15
In connection with the operations against the
• G •
Ikhwan in 1928 the question of the precise extent of the
obligations of H.M.G.for the defence of Koweit was considered
innthe India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , when the view was put forward that
'>• /consideration of our engagements suggested that on a strict
)ara/
reading our liability could be confined to the protection
I,
1
of/

About this item

Content

Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎73r] (154/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037551402.0x00009b> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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