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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎74r] (156/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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7 /
- 8 -
.? 4 - V- ^ J ~
oi Lne town of Koweit and that ws ars not called upon to
protect Koweit territory as a whole.
Con clusion. ..
15. As will be seen from the correspondence summarised
above (a) we appear consistently to have taken the view that
our obligations are conditional on the good behaviour of the
Sheikh; (b) secondly, subject to this reservation, we
are committed to "good offices' 5 in respect of "Koweit H ,
an assurance which has since 1911 been accepted as extending
to the whole territory of the Sheikhdom, but which would not
commit us to anything further than dijjlomatic support;
(c) thirdly,
we have pro mi sed "that the town of Koweit
and its boundaries" "belong to " the heirs of Sheikh liobarak;
(while the payment of rent for the Bunder Snweikh■ site was
terminated in 1907, the Agreement of 1907 was not abrogated,
and the reciprocal pledges embodied in that Agreement should
apparently still be regarded as binding in so far as they
are not affected by other subsequent instruments, he
communicated Article IX of the Bunder Shweikh Agreement to Ibn
Baud in 1928: and in 1933 the P.A.Koweit and tne Political
Resident brought to notice the continued e: istence of ohe yf
obligations of the Sheikh in regard uo Customs duuies(para.^
above) under Article X of the Agreement) (b) fourthly,that
we have undertaken to recognise, and have in iacu re cognised,
Koweit as an independent principality under British
protection. No definition has been given or attempted of ^ne
meaning of "British protection" in this connection, ana anile
priim facie the Sheikh might apparently be justified in
claiming that it represented an assurance of effective
protection in respect of the Vnole of nis principality, there
is some room for discussion as to its precise implicationo,
and it is noteworthy that no appeal rppears uo have been mc^ae
. under it either by the present Sheikh or by his predecesbors.
-NDIa OFFICE, 11 Oct. 1933, J.G. LAITH';/aITx, .

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Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎74r] (156/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 April 2020]

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