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'22/23 I Kuwait Conference 1923' [‎39r] (77/501)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (250 folios). It was created in 5 Oct 1923-16 Jan 1924. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Prom - Knox, Bushire*
To - Colonies*
Repeated India, Jerusalem and Baghdad* Ahwaz for Minister* 192.
No* 905*
Dated 16th October 1923*
Kuwait Conference: No reply so far forthooning from
Bin Saud* Shall I be in order in considering myself employed
as H.M*s Representative from date of relinquishing charge
Bushire viz 18th October, and that self and establishment will
be paid by India who will eventually bill Colonies? I propose
to leave Bushire 2lst October for Bombay to obtain requirements
returning 7th November and would be glad if Govt* of India would
kindly ask Bombay Govt, to be so good as to assist me*
At Ahwaz l met Minister Tehran and Shaikh of Moham-
merah and informed them confidentially of my proposal that
Sheikh Moharamerah should act in Kuwait as host of members of
conference. I had already, by telephone, requested Consul
Ahwaz to inform Sheikh that some such renuest would be placed
before him by me* H*M's Minister strongly discouraged idea as
likely to thwart his attempts to establish friendly understanding
between Shaikh and Minister for War* On taking leave of Sheikh
Mohammerah as outgoing Resident I informed him that in deference
to Minister’s objections I had abandoned pronosal* I found
Sheikh thoroughly disappointed at this abandonment and l.E*
expressed the utmost confidence that he would be able to persuade
both H.M's Minister and Minister for War that it was very ad
visable in interests of all concerned that he should act as host*
A further opinion expressed by H.E. may be of interest viz.,
that plenipotentiaries were useless and a personal meeting of
principals, if only for ratification purposes, was essential for
success> He expressed opinion, which I share, that Bin Saud
would certainly consider himself capable of meeting any combi-

About this item


The volume comprises telegrams, despatches, correspondence, memoranda, and notes relating to the 1923 Kuwait Conference to arbitrate the Najd-Transjordan and Najd-Hijaz boundaries.

The discussion in the volume relates to the following:

  • a proposal to hold Conference at Kuwait to settle the Najd-Transjordania and Najd-Hijaz boundaries. Correspondence discusses costs and practical arrangements and arrival of delegations from Iraq, Transjordania and Nejd and uncertainty over arrival of delegates from Hidjaz;
  • preliminary negotiations and letter of credentials from Abdullah bin al-Hussain, Ruler of Transjordania, for Ali Khulqi Bey; letter of credentials from Faisal, Ruler of Iraq for Sabih Bey Nasrat; letter of credentials from Ibn Saud for Saiyid Hamzah; discussion of the implications of the Mohammerah Iraq-Najd Convention;
  • conference negotiations - correspondence discusses points put forward by the various delegations, including blood-money, raiding and losses, raids by the Ikhwan, and the collection of zakah;
  • summaries of the sessions of the conference and arbitration;
  • a draft agreement (ff 227-228) on raiding;
  • a list of raids (ff 247-248);
  • an index to topics discussed in the conference (folio 249).

The principal correspondents in the volume include: the Secretary of State for Colonies, London; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Stuart George Knox; the High Commissioner, Baghdad; the High Commissioner, Jerusalem; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (250 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 250; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A fold-out is present on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. of folio 235 and has been labelled with an ‘a’. Two additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 3-248, and ff 122-237; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'22/23 I Kuwait Conference 1923' [‎39r] (77/501), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/69, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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