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File 3136/1914 Pt 7 ‘German War. Turkey. Situation in Egypt &c.’ [‎83r] (170/256)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (124 folios). It was created in 9 Nov 1914-30 Mar 1918. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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[ 54630/15 ]
Treaty. .
r oreign Office,
June 9, 1915.
I AM directed by the Secretary of State to inform you that he
considers it desirable to bring to your notice the general principles which
the Egyptian Government desire should be observed in deciding claims to
Egyptian nationality, as the treatment of such claimants as British protected
persons must necessarily depend on the attitude adopted toward them by
the Egyptian authorities.
Natives of Egypt applying for British protection have hitherto been
required to show that they were born in Egypt, that they are not domiciled
in any part of the Ottoman Dominions, that they are not in the service of
the Ottoman Government, and that they have taken no special steps to retain
Ottoman nationality. Ihese instructions, which date from a time previous
to the declaration of a British Protectorate in Egypt, attach primary
importance to the fact of birth in Egypt, and lesser importance to the
question of domicil.
Under the new Egyptian Nationality Law, a person born in Egypt and
still domiciled in that country is regarded as Egyptian absolutely. A person
domiciled but not born in Egypt is regarded as Egyptian unless he leaves
the country. This arrangement is of course of a provisional nature only, as
the question of Egyptian nationality can only be deiinitely settled at the
conclusion of the w r ar with Turkey. Its effect, however, is to attach more
importance to an existing connection with Egypt than to the accident of
birth in that country. For example, a person who, although born in Egypt,
has severed all substantial connection with the country would be regarded
as having been, immediately before the repudiation of Ottoman suzerainty,
Bis Majesty’s Consul

About this item


Papers concerning Britain’s declaration of Egypt as a British Protectorate in November 1914. The volume includes:

  • Correspondence relating to Britain’s annexation of Cyprus in November 1914, and the status of Cypriots and Egyptians in Cyprus as British subjects (ff 120-125).
  • Papers concerning the status of Egyptians as British subjects (ff 116-119, ff 78-83), including Foreign Office guidance on the new Egyptian Nationality Law, dated 9 June 1915 (f 83).
  • Copies of two proclamations (undated, both translations in English) addressed to the ‘People of Egypt’ (ff 102-115, ff 87-99), one of which claims to have been authored by the Senoussi [Senussi]. The proclamations are responses to Britain’s declaration of Egypt as a British protectorate.
  • Translated documents taken from prisoners on patrols of the Bir Mahadat [Bi’r al Mahdāt], which are anti-British in rhetoric (ff 73-77).
  • A copy of an intercepted letter (in French), dated 26 December 1915, addressed to Mohammed Farid Bey [Muḥammad Farīd], and presumed by British intelligence officials to have been written by Abdul Aziz Shawish [‘Abd al-‘Azīz Shāwīsh] (ff 61-65).
  • Secret reports from MI1 (Military Intelligence, Section 1), reporting intelligence relating to Egypt, Turkey and Germany (ff 47-58).
  • Papers reporting on the movements and actions in 1917 of the ex-Khedive of Egypt [‘Abbās Ḥilmī Pasha], including his relations with Turkish officials (ff 5-36).

The volume’s principal correspondents are: the British Ambassador at Berne, Switzerland (Evelyn Mountstuart Grant Duff, Horace George Montagu Rumbold); the Foreign Office (chiefly Ralph Spencer Paget); the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Arthur Hirtzel, John Evelyn Shuckburgh).

Extent and format
1 volume (124 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 3136 (German War) consists of 6 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/462-467. The volumes are divided into 6 parts, with each part comprising one volume. The part numbers are: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7. There is no part 3.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 126; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3136/1914 Pt 7 ‘German War. Turkey. Situation in Egypt &c.’ [‎83r] (170/256), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/467, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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