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File 3136/1914 Pt 7 ‘German War. Turkey. Situation in Egypt &c.’ [‎83v] (171/256)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (124 folios). It was created in 9 Nov 1914-30 Mar 1918. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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an Ottoman subject not specialised as an Egyptian, and as now remaining an
Ottoman for all purposes.
Jews, Syrians, and Armenians trading abroad should not be treated as
Egyptians by reason of their having been born in Egypt, unless they ha\ e
maintained their connection with the country. The closeness of the
connection required might possibly vary according to the nature of the need
for consular assistance.
Persons travelling with Egyptian passports in which they are described
as domiciled in Egypt should be assisted in returning thither, irrespective of
their place of birth. A person basing a claim to British protection on the
fact of long residence in Egypt, although not born there, should not
necessarily be refused assistance on the ground that he has no passport if
he can establish the truth of his statements independently of such a
It is obvious that the application of these principles, if left to the
discretion of Consular Officers, would in practice entail considerable
difficulty. The High Commissioner for Egypt has, however, expressed the
wish that all cases should first be referred to Cairo, and I am therefore to
instruct you in no case to issue a passport to an Egyptian until you have
received the authority of the Egyptian Government.
Copies of this Circular are enclosed for transmission to the Vice-Consuls
under your superintendence.
I am,
Your most obedient,
humble Servant,

About this item


Papers concerning Britain’s declaration of Egypt as a British Protectorate in November 1914. The volume includes:

  • Correspondence relating to Britain’s annexation of Cyprus in November 1914, and the status of Cypriots and Egyptians in Cyprus as British subjects (ff 120-125).
  • Papers concerning the status of Egyptians as British subjects (ff 116-119, ff 78-83), including Foreign Office guidance on the new Egyptian Nationality Law, dated 9 June 1915 (f 83).
  • Copies of two proclamations (undated, both translations in English) addressed to the ‘People of Egypt’ (ff 102-115, ff 87-99), one of which claims to have been authored by the Senoussi [Senussi]. The proclamations are responses to Britain’s declaration of Egypt as a British protectorate.
  • Translated documents taken from prisoners on patrols of the Bir Mahadat [Bi’r al Mahdāt], which are anti-British in rhetoric (ff 73-77).
  • A copy of an intercepted letter (in French), dated 26 December 1915, addressed to Mohammed Farid Bey [Muḥammad Farīd], and presumed by British intelligence officials to have been written by Abdul Aziz Shawish [‘Abd al-‘Azīz Shāwīsh] (ff 61-65).
  • Secret reports from MI1 (Military Intelligence, Section 1), reporting intelligence relating to Egypt, Turkey and Germany (ff 47-58).
  • Papers reporting on the movements and actions in 1917 of the ex-Khedive of Egypt [‘Abbās Ḥilmī Pasha], including his relations with Turkish officials (ff 5-36).

The volume’s principal correspondents are: the British Ambassador at Berne, Switzerland (Evelyn Mountstuart Grant Duff, Horace George Montagu Rumbold); the Foreign Office (chiefly Ralph Spencer Paget); the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Arthur Hirtzel, John Evelyn Shuckburgh).

Extent and format
1 volume (124 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 3136 (German War) consists of 6 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/462-467. The volumes are divided into 6 parts, with each part comprising one volume. The part numbers are: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7. There is no part 3.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 126; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3136/1914 Pt 7 ‘German War. Turkey. Situation in Egypt &c.’ [‎83v] (171/256), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/467, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 October 2019]

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