'Report on Kurdistan' [6r] (16/220)
The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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PROVINCE OF KURDISTAN.
The Province of Kurdistan is situated in the hilly districts between Azarbai
j an and Kirmanshah, and extending to the
Turkish frontier on the west and bounded
on the east by Garrus and Hamadan. It extends 24: fcLTsaJchs from north to
south and 56 from east to west.
“From the river Saruq, * which separates it from J Azarbai] an, to
General features. Senna, the face of the country is everywhere the
same. It presents to the view either progressive
clusters of hills, heaped as it were upon each other, or great tablelands covered
with flocks and the tents of the Uyats. The valleys are narrow strips at
the foot of the mountains, where the villages are commonly built in situations
which protect the few inhabitants that remain in them from the inclemency
of the weather. The soil is good and would yield abundance, but the Kurds
prefer a pastoral life. The oil plant is everywhere common, and tobacco is cultivated
in small quantities. Wooded mountains, separated by narrow valleys and occasional
plains, producing excellent pasture, cover the north portion of Ardalan. The
woods yield excellent oak and fine gall apples.
Between Kaleh Shah Khani and Khizr Elias in Kirmanshah the nature of
the country entirely changes, and instead of a succession of verdant hills, inter
mixed with deep glens, there are here extensive cultivated plains, bounded by
bleak and barren mountains.”
‘ ‘ Land is cultivated under one or other of
the following arrangements:
Nisf-i-Kari .—Under this system the cultivator and the proprietor of the
land divide the produce equally. The cultivator supplies the seed
and ^necessary labour. The landlord pays the maliat and the
expense of reaping.
Dah-du .—Under this arrangement, which is most common in Kurdistan,
the produce is divided into twelve parts of which the proprietor takes
two, the cultivator ten, the latter paying all expenses.
* Also spoken of as Saruk, Suruk or Surkh river. The frontier of Kurdistan
(Ardalan) is, however, further south than this river.
H. L. R„
About this item
Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.
The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:
Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.
Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).
Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.
At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (106 folios)
There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Report on Kurdistan'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, 2r:107v, back-i
- East India Company, the Board of Control, the India Office, or other British Government Department
- Usage terms
- Open Government Licence