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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎11r] (26/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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At Senna there is also the tomb of Hojar Khatun, sister of Iman Hiza.
Saiyid Yaqub had a mosque built near this tomb which is known as Masjid Hoiar
Khatun, and which on account of its proximity to the above-mentioned tomb
is considered as “Bast” or sanctuary.
Other well-known buildings and gardens of Senna are Amanieh, Bagh
Gardens. Husainabad, and Bagh Nishat due to Amman-
* ullah Khan Kuchick, and Bagh Khusruabad, which
was a magnificent garden at a quarter of a mile to the southwest of the town, due
to Ammanullah Khan Buzurg.
Adjoining the town to the north-east there is a large cemetery known as Qabris-
Cemetery. tan Shaikhan (the cemetery of the Shaikhs) in which
it is believed 40 Shaikhs were buried, and it is said that
miracles occur at the tombs of these holy personages.
In this cemetery on some of the tombstones are inscriptions and dates
which show them to be more than 900 years old, which proves that Senna is built
on the ruins of an old town ; this is also evident from the fact of Pir Omar and
Hojar Khatun being buried in the town.
There are many qanats entering the town, amongst others that dug by Mirza
Qanats. Yusuf ’ Mushir ud Divan, son of Mirza Muhammad
Riza \azir. This qanut has the best water in the town,
and is a great boon to the inhabitants : the greater part of the houses in the lower
part of the town obtain from it their water-supply.
In the quarter of Katerchian there are some springs of good drinking water.
Senna has a telegraph office, a post office, a custom house, arsenal, Arm«-
D ,^ nian church, and a Turkish Consulate.
Every evening the Neghareh Khaneh people play their weird instruments in
, T , , , the tower built in the middle of the Sarbaz Khaneh
^ eg are i lane . (barrack square) by Ammanullah Khan Buzurg.
At the beginning of last century Kinneir estimated the population of Senna
^ w . at 4,000 souls, of which number 200 were Jews and
Popu a ion. Armenians and 50 Nestorians.
Thomson in 1868 has 20,000 souls.
Mr. T. C. Plowden in 1881 says : “ The population of the town of Senna,
as estimated by a Christian merchant, comprises :
Muhammadans mostly Sunnis
.. 12,000
Christians .. ..
.. 65
The Yazir, however, told me that at the last numbering the population of Senn *
was shown to be 65,000 persons, and he considered that the city was increasing
yearly.” This is no doubt exaggerated as it would make of Senna a more populous
town than Kirmanshah.
B 2

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎11r] (26/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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