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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎11v] (27/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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According to the census of 1295 A. H. (1878) the population of .the town was
24 744 souls or 5,484 families. In 1892 it was estimated that the population had
during the last 14 years increased by 1,000 families or about 6,000 souls, and that
consequently the population of the town was about 30,750 souls.
General Schindler in 1902 (Supplement to “ Encyclopaedia Britannica ”) esti
mated the population of Senna at 35,000 souls, at which figure it is safe, I believe,
to put the present number of inhabitants.
.. Supplies of all sorts are procurable in abundance.
There are numerous places well supplied with water on the surrounding hills,
where troops could be encamped during the sum-
Camping-ground. mer ^ own we re too hot.
There are a good many horses to be bought here,
Horses. not muc h to look at, about 14-1, but good for work
and useful.
The tradespeople of Senna pay a sort of license tax, which varies from one
tuman to ten tumans per annum, according to their
Trades. respective means. The ordinary trades are well
represented, but the chief industry is carpet-making, and, as the wool of Kurdistan
is of superior quality the carpets (known as Kalicheh and Sajadeh) made at
Senna are considered among the best of their kind. Arak is distilled locally by Jews
and Chaldeans.
The trade of Kurdistan is not very extended, and we only have statistical data
for the trade with Turkey.
The following'is information, either the result of my own observations or ob
tained from Senna merchants, and from Hamadan .and Kirmanshah merchants
having trade relations with Senna :—
Gum is exported to Russia vid Ardabil or
Exports. Rasht, about 100,000 tumans yearly. 10,000 tumans
sa'lab gums go to the United Kingdom.
Small quantities of wool go to Kirmanshah.
Ghi is produced in large quantities, and much is exported. The price in
1904 was 53 tumans per 40 Hamadan maunds (50 maunds Tabrizi).
Tne lamb-skins of Kurdistan are not of very good quality. The cost was in
1904 10 to 11 tumans, per 100, and they are exported to Russia.
Gall-nuts are exported to Hamadan. About 20 loads of the kind known
as “ Mazuikabud ” are exported to Russia. The gall-nuts are gathered m the
mountain districts of Banneh, Merivan, Juvanrud, Sakiz, andAvroman, or received
from Penjvin and Sulaimanieh.
Tobacco (tumbaku and tutun) is exported to Hamadan and Kirmanshah
for local consumption. . .. .. ...

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎11v] (27/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 February 2020]

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