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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎12r] (28/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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- About 150 loads of tobacco (tutun of the Karju district) are exported to Tehran.
A small quantity of tumbaku is exported to Turkey.
Cow-hides are sent to Hamadan to be curried.
Furs are exported to Russia and Turkey.
Opium is not produced in Kurdistan.
Sheep are sent to Tehran, Tabriz and Hamadan.
Dried fruits are exported to Russia.
Apricots are sent to the Jaffs across the frontier.
Horses and mules are bred in great numbers and exported to the interior of
Many carpets are woven in the province of Kurdistan, but the finer carpets
come from the town of Senna. The warp of the finer carpets is generally silk
and the woof wool. Kurdistan carpets are usually the size of hearthrugs, 2d square
zar.s (about square yards), and cost from 5 to 10 and even 15 tumans per square
zar. There are about 2,000 looms in and round about the town. For dyeing the
wool, indigo is used for blue and green, madder for red, and onion and vine leav s
for yellow.
Senna carpets are exported to Europe via Tabriz : carpets of inferior quality
are exported to Baghdad.
Carpets, henna, worked wood, silk tissues, and a small quantity of haberdashery
are exported to Turkey.
The orchards of Senna contain peach, apricot, pear, apple, wall-nut and
cherry trees, and there is a small trade in dried fruits.
Other articles of export to the interior of Persia are woollen socks and cloth
ing, fox-skins (for Russia), honey, gazangebin or manna, and the forest products
known as Kelkaf, Sichkeh, Kanderun, etc..
Imports. Manchester goods are imported from Hama
dan, sometimes direct from Kirmanshah.
Sugar is imported from Marseilles via Baghdad and Kirmanshah. No
Russian sugar is consumed in Kurdistan. From an estimate of one of the
merchants of Senna the total amount of sugar consumed in a day in the province
of Kurdistan amounts to 70 cases. A case weighs from 27| to 30 maunds, and
contains about 22^ to 25 maunds Tabrizi of sugar. The cost of one case varies
from 9 to 11 iumans.
Shawls are imported fom Kirman, Meshed and Yazd.
Silk (native) is received from Yazd.
Fancy articles and chemicals come from Tehran.
Leather is imported from Hamadan; 2,000 to 3,000 tumans per annum.
Henna, madder, copper in sheets, and lead are received from Hamadan.
Dates are received from Kirmanshah; 2,000 to 3,000 tumans yearly.
Iron (old ship and railway iron) comes from Russia vid Ardabil.
Spices are imported from India vid Kirmanshah.
Indigo is received from Hamadan. •: .

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎12r] (28/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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