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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎23v] (51/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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District. district itself has 8,000 inhabitants, all Sunni
The Governors or Sultans of this district were always taken from its principal
The district is watered by the river Khurkhureh. Cultivation : wheat, barley,
millet, cotton, tobacco (tutun), grapes.
Asl Maliat without Furuat, 690 tumans.
Merivan This district is 18 farsakhs to the west of Senna,
forming one of the frontier districts.
Merivan numbers 200 villages and about 26,000 souls. The inhabitants
are very troublesome and given to fighting and are Sunni Shaft’s.
Most of them possess rifles and the district can raise 1,500 tufangchis. There
are many families of Saiyids settled here.
Much rice is grown ; wheat, barley, Indian corn, peas and lentils are also grown.
In spring a small Persian garrison is stationed bore to prevent the Jaffs from
invading Persian territory. For this, the governor of Kurdistan is allowed by
the Central Government, it is said, 30,000 tumans out of the revenue of the province.
Asl Maliat,. tumans 1,655.
Lake Zeribar is in this district.
The following are extracts from Mr. T. C. Plowden’s report on a journey
through this district : “The plain of Merivan on which the fort stands, contains
about a dozen villages, ct which Nei and Kanimiran are the largest. Nei can be
seen from the fort, and comprises abo it 200 houses. The lofty and rugged
mountains of Avroman overlook the fort on the south ; near as they appear
to be, they are distant 6 farsakhs, or a long day’s march. There are three passes
which lead up the Avroman hills by precipitous paths so narrow that two people
cannot go abreast. The hills round Merivan and Avroman are densely covered
with a fine forest of oak, walnut, chinar, or plane trees, and various wild-fruit trees.
The gathering of gall-nuts is one of the chief occupations of the people, and the
nuts are exported, not to Sulaimanieh in Turkish Kurdistan, which is compara
tively near, but to Hamadan, some four marches beyond Senna.
The fort of Merivan* is a substantial c tone enclosure
Kaleh Shuhabad or Meri- about 300 yards square, and was built ’ on years ago
van * by Farhad Mirza, M’utamad-ud-Dauleh, during the
period of his rule over Persian Kurdistan.
The mud used as cement is so friable that extensive repairs are required
every year. On the walls of the fort were mounted half a dozen bronze nine-
pounders cast at Tabriz forty years ago. They were in a very dirty and uncared
for condition, and the carriages were broken. The guns had not been fgred
for five years. Thirty artillerymen and a company of the Fauj-i-Kurdistan
constitute the garrison. Water is brought by a conduit from a spring
outside the walls, but there are also two wells inside the enclosure. The fort
is commanded by some low hills on the right, and can he of little use for the
* Lat. 35° 31'; Long. 46° 19'; Elev. 4,725 feet.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎23v] (51/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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