'Report on Kurdistan' [29r] (62/220)
The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
having been recently raided and burnt by Habibullah Khan of the Jaff Kurds of
It formerly contained 100 houses in addition to the residence of the Vakil
of Juvanrud, the principal landowner, and the governor’s house. There was also
a small bazar and some shops. The inhabitants are slowly returning, the governor,
Sharif-ul-Mulk of Senna, having been dismissed, and Navab Khan, son of
Mushir-ud-Divan of Senna, appointed in his place. The feud with the Jafs is at
There is room for camping. Wood, water and grass are abundant. Some
supplies are obtainable from villages a few miles off in the direction of Kirman-
shah, and, when the town is rebuilt, should be plentiful.
The climate is hot for three months of the summer, but very pleasant in
spring and autumn, and the soil appears most fertile. Roads to Kirmanshah,
the Zimkan river, and Paveh pass through the town.
The people fled with their flocks and herds to the Zarna mountain. They
are tenants of the Vakil of Juvanrud, the chief landowner of the district.”
In 1905 when at Ruvansar I (H. L. Rabino) was advised not to continue
my journey to Juvanrud as the inhabitants had deserted their villages on account
of a dispute with the Governor. This seems to be their usual procedure when
they wish to obtain reduction of or exemption from taxes.
One of the important villages of Juvanrud is Paveh, two stages west of
p v ^ Kirmanshah on the upper road to Sulaimanieh.*
The village, which is called in Arabic Favej, numbers
100 families and has 5 mosques, one of them ancient and known as Masjid Abdullah
There is in this district a cave called Kavat which has never been explored,
Kavat cave. and which, it is said, is well worth a visit.
A district to the east of Senna extending from
1 to 8 farsakhs from town.
It numbers 80 villages and has the appearance of a plain, broken into hills,
with a line of hills running through it. It is reckoned very cool during the hot
season and for 9 months during the year villagers have fires. A wild plant called
in Kurdish “ Kaumeh” is used for fuel as there are neither trees nor forests in this
district. Cultivation :—wheat, barley, peas and lentils. The district is irrigated
by river-water, springs and qanats. There are but few gardens.
The inhabitants number 12,000 and are Sunnis.
Maliat, 3,314 tumans.
The governor, who is titled Sultan, has no fixed residence.
* Usually said to be 3 stages.
About this item
Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.
The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:
Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.
Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).
Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.
At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (106 folios)
There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Report on Kurdistan'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, 2r:107v, back-i
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- Open Government Licence