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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎35r] (74/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Of the rivers of Kurdistan eight go to swell the Sirvan river, namely the Senna,
Gavrud, Palingan, Garran, Surkaval, Merivan, Zalan, and Baneh rivers ; three
ultimately fall into the lake of Urumieh or Tassavoj, the Jighatu, Sakiz, and Khur-
khureh rivers ; three join the Kizil Urzun, namely the Kavlai, Tarval, and Haji
Cha rivers and the Kizil Urzun itself falls into the Caspian ; two join the Karasu
of Kirmanshah, namely the Ruvansar and Zarinjub and Shirvaneh rivers.
This is known as Rud Khaneh Kishla-q. In 1182 A.H. (1769) Khusrau Khan,
0 father of Amanullah Khan Buzurg had a bridge built
iver o enna. near the village of Kishlaq. In 1268 A.H. (1852)
the bridge was repaired by Mirza Muhammad Riza Vazir. The source of this
river is in Kuh-i-Sang-Safid. Sang-Safid is a village of Kurdistan 5 farsaJchs to
the north of Senna. The river flows south of Senna and passes at £ farsakh
from the town. Five farsaJchs lower down it joins the Gavrud.
The Gavrud is five farsaJchs south of Senna. Its source is in the villages
of Akeh and Tulan and it flows east to west. From
*avrud. its spring to where it is known as Gavrud, the dis
tance is six farsaJchs, and 34 farsaJchs lower down it joins the Sirvan. Near the
village of Dair, or Dir, a certain Mulla Darvish Beg built a bridge 154 year* ago
across the river; this bridge fell in ruins, but Mirza Abdul Gaffar Mutamad, some
54 years ago, built a very strong bridge on the piers of the old one.
The river of Palingan has its source in the mountains of the villages of Lihun
(Lun) and Shahimi, which are east of Palingan
River of Palmgan. ^ 12 farsaJchs south of Senna. From the _ source
of the river to Palingan it is six farsaJchs, and from there to the Sirvan it is over
30 farsaJchs.
This is twelve farsaJchs to the west of Senna. There are here lofty forests of gall-
nut trees, oak and myrobalan. The river has its source
River of Garran. below this forest in the mountains of the village of
Galeh, a village of Merivan. From its source to Garran is two farsaJchs,
and six farsaJchs lower down than Garran it joins the river of Surkaval, near
the village of Kaleh Kah. It flows in a southerly direction. Muhammad ’ Ali
Khan Zafar-ul-Mulk has built a very strong bridge over this river.
Surkaval is a village ten farsaJchs west of Senna. The river passes at one
farsaJch from this village, and has its source in the
River of Surkaval. mountains of the village of Katavon, a village of
Merivan. This river after a course of six farsaJchs reaches the village of Surkaval,
and four farsaJchs below the village of Servabad it joins the river of Merivan.
The river thus formed joins the Gavrud six farsaJchs lower down, near the village
of ’Abbasabad of Avroman. The river flows in a southerly direction. Surkaval
means Surkh Tappeh or “ red hill.”
This river is a stream running down from the lake Zeribar in a westerly
. direction to Servabad, where it joins the Surka-
Rxver of Merivan. yal river Lake Zeribar ig SU pp 0se d, according to
native legends, to cover the towns of Sodom and Gomorrha.
Known as Leileh river. Its source is in a high mountain known as Kuh-
Bast. It flows east for 3,000 zars, then north for
River Zalan. 2,000 and then west. From its spring to Zalan the
distance is 2 farsaJchs, then it flows south till it joins the Sirvan. Zalan is a
village of Javanrud at 3 farsaJchs from Kaleh Javanrud.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎35r] (74/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 February 2020]

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