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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎42v] (89/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Khizr I, 629—663 A.H- He reigned 23 years, and was succeeded in 629
(1232—1255 A.H.). by his son Khizr, who died in 663 and was succeeded
Elias, 663—710 A. H. by Ehas, a generous and courageous chief, at one
(1265—1311 A.D.). an d the same time the hope and the terror of his
For 47 years Kurdistan enjoyed quiet and peace and under his rule.
Khizr II, son of Elias, was of a religious and quiet disposition. He pass
ed his time in prayer, and was a just governor
Khizr. II, 710—746 w ho never oppressed his subjects. He even consi-
A.H. (1311 1346 A.D.). dered it contrary to the precepts of the Koran to collect
revenues and taxes from his subjects, and his only
thought was the prevention of disorder and the maintenance of peace.
The Turks hearing of his disposition sent an army against Kurdistan. Khizr !
settled with them without bloodshed, and handed them over the eastern frontier
of Kurdistan, that is, from Shahr-i-Bazar to Arbil, with Kui, Harir, Emadieh
and Kuvanduz. His governorship lasted 36 years and he was succeeded in
746 by his son Hasan.
Hasan, even more attentive to the wants of his people than his father, wrote
a book of rules and regulations for the army and
Hasam 746—784 A.H. the people, so that everyone should know his duty
(1346—lo83 A.D.). an( j his rights. He enlisted 3,000 young men for the
army and trained them with great care. They were day and night invited to
his table, and in two or three encounters with the Turks they covered them
selves with glory.
In no engagements with Hasan’s troops did the Turks ever gain any advan
tage. In 774 he built at one farsakh from the present town of Senna a very
strong castle, the ruins of which are still to be seen, and founded a settlement called
Hasanabad which still exists.
He died in 784 A.H., having ruled Kurdistan for 38 years.
Bablul, his son, was a courageous but blood-thirsty man, who never forgave an
Bablul. 784—828 A.H., injury however slight, and was thus often the cause
(1383—1425 A.D.). 0 f mourning to his people, and of discontent and
even exasperation to his army. His subjects rebelled two or three times, and it
was only through the efforts of Ibrahim Beg, his, Vazir, a man of great intelligence,
that he remained in power. He died in 828 A.H. after a governorship of 44 years.
Manzar, his son, by his mildness and equity made the people forget his father’s
Manzar 828 862 A.H- cruelties. He ruled for 34 years, and was succeeded
(1425—1458 A.l>.). ill 862 by his son Mamun Beg.
Mamun Beg having put in order the affairs of his government, improved and
Mamun Beg I, 862—800 rendered flourishing his dominions, and trained his
A.H. (1458—1495 A.D.). army, marched against the Turks, and after a struggle
of years reconquered the frontier towns of Shahr-i-Bazar, Arbil, Kui, Harir,
Emadieh, and Ruvanduz. As a precaution against insurrection and invasion
he left part of his army at Ruvanduz.
So renowned was he on account of his great courage and intelligence the
the Bani Ardalan became known amongst the Kurds as Mamuni.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎42v] (89/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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