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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎43v] (91/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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the surprise of the Turks on hearing of the approach of Husain Beg, of whose
arrival they were only apprised, when he was but two farsakhs from Kaleh
The death of Rustam Pasha, which occurred just as this news reached the
camp, was to a still greater degree the cause of the retreat of the Sultan’s army.
Surkhab Beg, on hearing of Rustam Pasha’s death and of the arrival of the Persians,
left the fort immediately with all his men. Apprised of this Husain Beg on his
side, fell on the Turks who after a feeble resistance were repulsed ; some fled and
some resisted. Muhammad Pasha with 600 Turks took refuge at Kaleh Zolm,
which Surkhab Beg had left, and got the latter’s wives and children to intercede for
him. Husain Khan, the Sardar of the Persian army, let himself be moved by their
prayers, and Muhammad Pasha with his men were allowed to depart unmolested.
Husain Beg and the Persian troops covered with glory returned to the capital,
and Surkhab Beg resumed in peace the governorship of Kurdistan. Shortly
afterwards Surkhab Beg removed the seat of his government from Kaleh Zolm
to Kaleh Merivan.
In 956 A. H. Algas Mirza, a brother of Shah Tahmasp, who had fallen into
disgrace came to Shahr-i-Zor. The Kurds of that district immediately turned
against him, and Shah Tahmasp sent Bahram Mirza and Shah Guli, the Keeper
of the Seals, with Ibrahim Khan and 2,000 horsemen to seize him.
His men having been dispersed by the Persians along the frontiers of Shahr-i-
Zor and Merivan, Algas Mirza, seeing he could expect nothing either from Turkey
or from Persia, fled to Kaleh Merivan and took refuge with Surkhab Beg.
Surkhab Beg sent to the Court of Shah Tahmasp and interceded for his guest,
whom he sent with twenty-one of his followers to the Court of Persia, through the
intermediary of a certain Nermat-Ullah Kahistani, a personage enjoying the Royal
confidence. Shah Tahmasp forgave his kinsman and gave him 1,000 tumans a year
out of the treasury.
Surkhab Beg had eleven sons : Hasan Beg, Iskandar Beg, Sultan ’Ali Beg,
Yakub Beg, Bahram Beg, Zulfiqar Beg, Shams Beg, Shah-Savar Beg, Sarukhan
Beg, Gassen Beg, Bessat Beg.
He named his third son Sultan ’Ali Beg, the most courageous of his sons,
his successor, and Bahram Beg, his fifth son, governor of Ruvanduz and Emadieh ;
and till 1249 A. H. the descendants of Bahram Beg held this post. Muhammad
Beg, known as “ Mir of Ruvanduz,” who for many years fought the Turks, was of
this family.
After having ruled for 30 years Surkhab Beg died, and Sultan ’Ali Beg,
cu ’ai-tj Q 7 * a tt whom he had named his successor, followed him
mas 1 shortly after to the grave, leaving two sons, Timur
<1008 Khan ^ Halu Khan>
Bessat Beg, another son of Surkhab Beg succeeded as Vali in 975 A.H. He
was very intelligent and spent ten years quietly given
Bessat Beg,* 975—986 U p to learning and writing and the protection of all
A.H. (1568—1599 A.D.). learned people. In 985 A. H. Timur Khan and Halu
Khan rebelled and fled to the court of IsmaiT II. A year later, in 986 A.H., after
the death of their protector they returned to Kurdistan, and gathering numerous
followers started devastating Bessat Beg’s possessions. Bessat Beg dying just at
this time, Timur Khan succeeded his uncle as Vali of Kurdistan.
♦Ismai’l II Sefavi, 1576—1577 A. D. Muhammad Mirza, 1577 A.D.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎43v] (91/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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