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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎44r] (92/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Persia could not at that time boast of a strong ruler; Timur Khan therefore
rr- Trt. * no. no. transferred his allegiance to Sultan Murad Khan of
A A 9 n7" 6 Turke > r ’ who in return granted him a yearly subsidy
°f 100,000 gold agrcAeAs, say 30,000 tumans in coin
of the present day. Timur Khan had four sons: Sultan ’Ali Beg, Bodag
Beg, Murad Beg, and Mir Alam-ed-Din and divided his possessions amongst them
as followsShahr-i-Zor, Kezelcheh, Hasanabad and Zolm to Sultan ’Ali Beg;
Shahr-i-Bazar, Karadagh, Kui and Harir to Bodag Beg; Merivan, Sakiz,
Siah-Kuh, Tileh Kuh, and Khurkhureh to Murad Beg ; Shahr-i-Bazar to Mir Alam-
ud-Din ; and then gathering a numerous army marched to the frontier of Kurdistan
and annexed Kirmanshah, Sungur, Dinavar, and Zarin Kamar, which is now
known as Garrus.
In 993 A.H. he led his army against Omar Beg Kalhor, who fled to Shah
Verdi Khan, Vali of Luristan. The latter with his troops and the Kalhors
advanced to bar Timur Khan’s advance.
Although Timur Khan did not expect such a foe> and his own troops numbered
no more than a thousand men, foot or horsemen, he immediately and without
hesitation attacked the Kalhors. In the midst of the fight his horse fell, and he
was thrown to the ground and taken prisoner.
Shah Verdi Khan sent him back a few days later, with great honour to
Three years later Timur Khan started to punish the people of Zarin Kamar
(Garrus). Daulatiar Sultan, the Governor of Zarin Kamar, opposed him with
3,000 men, was defeated, and shut himself up in the citadel of Zarin Kamar. Not
withstanding the small number of his troops Timur Khan led them to the assault
of the citadel, but was killed in the breach. His troops, however, undaunted
by the loss of their leader, continued the struggle, slew Daulatiar Sultan and 200 of
his men, and sacked the place. Timur Khan was buried by his men at Zarin Kamar.
Halu in 996 A. H. succeeded Timur Khan. He was an intelligent ai d
Halu Khan, 996—1014 coura g eous ru ^ er well beloved by his subjects. For
A.H. (1588—1605 A.D.). tw0 or tkree y ears ke considered Sultan Selim
Khan of Turkey as his Sovereign and not the Shah of
Persia. He transferred the seat of his government from Kaleh Zolm and Merivan
to Kaleh Palingan which is in a very strong situation, difficult of access, and was
inhabited by Gurans and Kalhors. Halu Khan fortified this place, which is
\2 jarsakhs south of Senna, and erected there many buildings. He also re
paired and improved the fortifications and settlements of Zolm, Merivan, and
Hassanabad. He maintained friendly relations with his neighbours; his subjects
prospered under his just but not too severe rule, and his treasury was well re
plenished. He resided at one or other of his four forts, and trained such a numerous
and powerful army that he threw off all allegiance and declared himself independent
In 1012 A.H., Husain Khan, Vali of Luristan, at the instigation of Shah ’Abbas I
set forth with 10,000 troops to fight Halu Khan. He invaded Kurdistan and
laid siege to Hassanabad, where Halu Khan with a small force was spending
the winter. This attack was two or three times repulsed, and he was finally signally
defeated. Halu Khan pursued him for four farsakhs (16 miles), killing a thousand
Shah ’Abbas, incensed at this news, immediately sent a strong army which was
defeated and put to flight by Halu Khan on the frontier of Kurdistan. Shah
’Abbas himself, at the head of a large army, set forth for Kurdistan and reached
Isfandabad, then known as Kalamru Alishukr.
* Shah ’Abbas, 1585—1628 A.D,
J 2

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎44r] (92/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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