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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎44v] (93/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Alibali Zengeneh, the Shah’s special Jelodar (mounted attendant), dissuaded
his master from continuing this expedition and Shah ’Abbas returned to Isfahan.
He showed himself amicably disposed towards Halu Khan, and sent him by Alibali
the farman and khalat or robe of honour for Kurdistan. Halu Khan made his sub
mission and sent his eldest son, Khan Ahmad Khan, with a large pishkesh (present)
to the court of the Shah. Shah ’Abbas received Khan Ahmad Khan with great
honour, gave him in marriage Zarinkola, his own sister, and made him promise
that on his return to Kurdistan he would induce his father to visit the court.
Khan Ahmad Khan, faithful to his promise, after much persuasion, induced Halu
Khan to proceed to Isfahan, where he was received with great honour, and after a
sojourn of six months sent back to Kurdistan. At Halu Khan’s own request the
farman of the governorship of the whole of Kurdistan from Hamadan to Amanieh,
and including Kui and Harir, was made out in the name of Khan Ahmad Khan:
this was in 1014 A.H.
Having taken over the reins of government Khan Ahmad Khan, by the Shah’s
Khan Khan,* order, started at the head of 20,000 men, horse and
1014—1040 A.H. (1605— foot, to punish the people of Mukri and Bilbas.
1631 A.D.) Although these latter were very numerous he •
defeated them and ravaged their country. A few who escaped took refuge at
Kaleh Kuvanduz. Khan Ahmad Khan pursued them, invested Ruvanduz, and
devastated the surrounding country.
Unable tj force Kaleh Ruvanduz to surrender on account of the difficulty
of the country, he cut it off from all communication, hoping to succeed through
Khan Ahmad Khan, whilst out hunting, met a young woman of Ruvanduz
who taunted him with his failure, whereupon he ordered a final assault which
Khan Ahmad Khan appointed his nephew, Kara Hssan Beg, governor of
Ruvanduz, Khalid Beg, governor of Khoshnad, and Osman Beg, governor of
Emadieh. He also appointed governors to Kui and Harir, and started to conquer
Mosul, which he occupied without opposition.
The notables of Mosul sent large presents to Khan Ahmad Khan, who, after
a pilgrimage to the tomb of Jonas the prophet, allowed his troops 40 days’ rest
outside Mosul. He sent word of his success to Shah ’Abbas, who immediately sent
him many valuable presents as well as 12,000 tumans in gold ; and at the same time
requested him to take possession of Kerkuk and Baghdad. Khan Ahmad Khan
occupied Kerkuk and then turned his steps towards Baghdad. Shah ’Abbas, inform
ed of his march towards Baghdad, started also on the war path at the head of his
own army. Khan Ahmad Khan was received near Baghdad by the notables of that
town who brought him regal presents. On the arrival of Shah ’Abbas, Khan Ahmad
Khan, with the notables of Baghdad, went out to meet him. After pacifying the
country and appointing a proper Vali to that district Khan Ahmad Khan in 1030
A.H. returned to Kurdistan, from which he had been absent about 7 years and.
3 months. Shah ’Abbas died in 1038, and was succeeded by Shah Sefh.
By Zarinkola, sister of Shah ’Abbas, Khan Ahmad Khan had a son, Surkhab
Beg, who was educated at the court of Persia. The entourage of Shah Seffi turned
their master against this young man, whose eyes were for some reason or other
put out. Khan Ahmad Khan, on hearing this news completely lost hK reason,
and had to be kept in chains by the chiefs of the Kurds, who governed the country
in his name. He, however, recovered after six months and collecting his army
• * Shah Sefli Sefavi, 1628—1641 A.D.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎44v] (93/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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