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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎46r] (96/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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vade the country by the Vali and inhabitants, had many of the notables of Kurdistan
and 1,200 inhabitants imprisoned and put to death. He had a mound built
of the heads of these unfortunate people, which is still visible and is known as
Kalim Kuh, or the hill of skulls.
Shah Sulaiman in punishment of this act of cruelty had ’Abbas Khan Sardar
hanged in the maidan of Isfahan.
In 1107 A.H. Shah Sultan Husain deposed Khan Ahmad Khan, and replaced
him by Muhammad Khan, son of Khusrau Khan. This second governorship
of Khan Ahmad Khan lasted less than nine years.
In order to bring back many of the notables and people of Kurdistan, who had
at u j n in tlie time of ’Abbas Khan Ziadogli fled to Turkey,
iTm 4 m Shah Sultan Husain sent Husain Khan Lur Sardar
d A M - Ub95 ” 17U1 to Kurdistan. This Husain Khan did much for the
prosperity of Kurdistan, Ardalan, and for the ruin of Azarbaijan Kurdistan.
In 1113 the Kurds rebelled against Muhammad Khan and complained to
Shah Sultan Husain of his oppression. He was deposed and replaced by Mu
hammad Khan Gurgi. The governorship of Muhammad Khan Ardalani had
lasted six years.
Muhammad Khan Gurgi on reaching Kurdistan declared himself a Shafi’
Muhamed Khan Gurgi, an( i conformed to the mode of worship of the inhabi-
1113—1116 A.H. (1701— tants. This being reported at the Safavi court was
1704 A.D.J. the cause of his deposition. He governed Kurdistan
for 3 years.
In 1116 Hasan ’Ali Khan, son of Muhammad Mumin Khan, I’timad'
Hasan ’Ali Khan, son of U f d 'P aU ! eh ; waB J>PP ointed by the Shah govemot
I’timad ud-Dauleh, 1116- <> f Kurdistan. He was a very strict Shi ah and did
1118 A.H. (1704 1706 muc h to hurt the feelings of the inhabitants, who
A.D.). are Sunnis, and whom he persecuted pitilessly.
One day, when leaving the town to go out hunting, he passed by the shrine of
Omar ibn ’Ali, and being informed that this was the tomb of Pir Omar, he ordered
it to be destroyed. On returning to the town gates he was suddenly taken ill
and fell from his horse. His mother and sister hurried to his side and asked him
how he was : ‘ ‘ The mother of those followers of Omar (Naneh Pir Omariah) has
struck me,” said he, and then died. He had governed for less than two years,
and the Shah named his brother Husain ’Ali Khan to replace him.
Husain ’Ali Khan continued the religious persecution begun by his brother.
A year later the inhabitants rebelled and carried their
, Husain “Ali Khan, son of complaint to the Shah, who deposed the governor
1 119 ^ A HO 706 11 1707 and named Kai Khusrau Beg in his stead.
It is said that when Kai Khusrau Beg reached Kurdistan the people soon
Kai Khusrau Beg, 1120 found out that he was an ignorant and despicable man,
1121 A.H. (1707—1709 unable to govern or maintain order, and in less than
A.D.). a year he was forced to leave and sent to Isfahan.
♦Shah Sultan Husain Sefavi, 1694—1722.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎46r] (96/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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