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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎47v] (99/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Sobhan Verdi Khan was shortly afterwards deposed again and Ahmad
Sobhan Vefdi Khan, 1154- Khan was reappointed in 1155 A.H. During the
1155 A.H. (1741-1742 A.D.)- same year famine broke out and Ahmad Klian being
Khan Ahmad Khan, of a generous disposition threw open the door of the
1155-1156 A.H. (1742-1743 ambars or stores, where Nadir had collected wheat
A-D.). an( j barley and distributed the grain to the poor.
It happened that at the same time Nadir Shah sent some one to inspect
and report upon the stores of grain which had been accumulated for the
Kurdistan army. Nadir’s anger at hearing that the stores were empty
knew no bounds and he ordered Ahmad Khan to be put to death. Ahmad Khan,
informed of the Shah’s intentions, gathered 2,000 horsemen from among his own
people and left for Turkey. At Shahrizur he was opposed by Tahir Beg Ilbegi
of the Jafis, whom he captured, and then marched to Sulaimanieh. Khalid
Pasha, Governor of Baban submitted to Ahmad Khan, sent him large pre
sents, and recognized him as Governor of Baban. Ahmad Khan, then inarched
against Mosul, which he took by assault and the Governor of which place he had put
to death. Having named Muhammad Chalebi Governor of Mosul he left for
Diarbekr and Aleppo, and after about a month reached Constantinople.
At Constantinople, he was, by order of the Sultan, met by many Pashas and
notables and by the Shaikh-ul-Islam, and was accompanied with great honour to
the house which had been prepared for him. He and his people were the guests of
the Sultan, who shortly afterwards gave him the Governorship of Adrina, to which
place Ahmad Khan and all his followers removed.
Nadir Shah, at the news of the flight of Ahmad Khan, named in 1156 A.H.
Haji Mau'a Verdi Khan Maula Verdi Khan Kajar, Governor of Kur-
Kajar, 1156-1157 A.H. distan, and appointed Sobhan Verdi Khan, Ahmad
(1742—1744 A.D.). Khan’s father, Begler Begi of Tehran.
Haji Maula Verdi Khan on account of his religious intolerance was unable to
keep the people quiet, and was deposed a year later and replaced by Sobhan Verdi
Khan, who thus for the fourth time became Vali of Kurdistan.
Sobhan Verdi Khan was given 1,000 savars or horsemen to garrison Kur-
Sobhfin Verdi Khan, 1157-- distan. Their Chief, Muhammad Raza Beg, was an
1161 A. H. (1744—1748 A.D.)- impetuous and intriguing man, whose oppression of
the people Sobhan Verdi Khan (through fear of Nadir
Shah) was unable to stop. This went on for 3 years till 1160 A.H. when the news of
Nadir’s death reached Sobhan Verdi Khan. Without saying anything to his own
people he ordered Muhammad Raza Beg. and the Afghan and Khorasan notables
who accompanied him, to come to see him, informed them of Nadir’s death, and
advised them to leave immediately before the Kurds got to hear of the event. He
gave Muhammad Raza Beg and the Afghan and Khorasan notables 1,000 tumans
and ten robes of honour, and they left the country the same night. It was
with great difficulty that Sobhan Verdi Khan stopped the Kurds, who on hearing
the news started in pursuit.
Seven months later in 1161 A.H. Ibrahim Khan, nephew of Nadir Shah>
who had succeeded to the throne and taken the title of ’Adil Shah, appointed
Hasan ’'Ali Khan Ardalan, who had been in his service, Vali of Kurdistan. Sobhan
Verdi Khan died the same year in Bamadan and was buried in the Gumbad, or
domed mosque at the summit of Mount Sheidah in Kurdistan.
In 1164 Kerim Khan invaded Kurdistan and sacked Senna. Hasan ’Ali
Hasan ’A i Khan,* 1161 Khan shut himself up in the fort of Karataureh
1167 A.H. (1748—1753 A.D.). which was immediately surrounded by Shaikh ’Ali
Khan Zend. Unable to obtain possession of the
* Kerim Khan Zend, 1755—1779 A.D.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎47v] (99/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 30 March 2020]

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