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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎53r] (110/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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At sight of this, his escort of a thousand men fled and Farhad Mirza return
ed to Senna.
The Avromani tribes remained quiet for a time, but their efforts to obtain the
release of their chiefs being fruitless, they decided to seize Muham nad Bagher Khan
who had been sent to Merivan to repair the fort and detain him as a hostage.
At this news Farhad Mirza in 1286 marched against the Avromanis, but
was defeated. Subsequently, however, he was successful and the Avromanis fled
£Q Shahr-i-zor.
They remained in Turkey for a year, but the chiefs came back one by one and
were pirdoned by the prince, who reinstated Muhammad Sa id 8ultanas governor
of Avroman, but afterwards caused him to be treacherously murdered with his
son and all his family by ’Ali Akbar Khan Sharaf-ul-Mulk.
Ma’tamad-ud-Dauleh did three great things during his governorship.
Firstly, he subdued the Auramis, whose depredations extended from Shahr-i-zor
in Turkey to the vicinity of Senna, a task randerel very diflicult by the constant
help the Auramis got from the Turks whenever the Persians undertook any expedi
tion against them.
Secondly, he forced the Jaffsto quit Persian territory. This tribe which num
bers over 12,000 families camps in Turkey in winter and autumn, and in spring
and summer occupied the Kurdistan mountains extending up to Sminn. Phey
onlv paid a very small sum for pasturage._ This lawless and marauding tribe
an art from plundering the unfortunate inhabitants, destroyed the most important
vill age of the districts they overran ; and built villages of their own, shedding the
blood of the settlers without remorse.
The prince told them to choose between Persia and Turkey, and by garrison
ing the frontier successfully stopped their incursions.
Thirdly, he abolished the house-tax in Senna which varied from 2 to lo
brans p 3 r house ; and substituted iron weights in the bazars for stones and peb
bles then in use. He fixed the maund at 900 miscals. 0
Towards the end of 1287 cholera broke out and lasted three months, and in
the bemnnino' of 1288 famine began to be felt all over Persia. The price of wheat
rose from 2 to 12 tumans thskharvar. It is estimated that 3,000 people died from
chalera or famine.
Duriim the spring of 1289 the famine came to an end, and the sa ne year
Nasr-ud-Dm Shah intending to leave for Europe called Farhad Mirza to Tehran
to act as regent. »
Mu’tamad-ud-Dauleh left his son Abdul’Ali Mirza Ihtisham-ul-Mulk as
deputy governor of Kurdistan.
On the Shah’s return from Europe, Mu’tamad-ud-Dauleh wentba,ck to Kur
distan. and six months later was dismissed and replaced by Tahmasp Mirza Mu ay-
yid-ud-Dauleh who was already governor of Kirmanshah.
Mu’ayyid-ud-Dauleh was a generous man, and instead of forcing the inhabit
ants to contribute towards his expenses is said to have
Tahmasp Mirza Mu’ayyid- g t 12> 000 tumans on his journey to Kurdistan.
ud-Dau eh, 1291-1292 A.II. ^ left ’ ^ son Muhammad Mehdi Mirza deputy
(1874-1875 A.D.). governor for Kurdistan and returned to Kirmanshah.
Disorders soon prevailed, roads were unsafe, and fighting was universal, and final
ly the mob tried to invade the palace.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎53r] (110/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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