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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎53v] (111/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Mu’ayyid-ud-D iuleh and his son therefore were dismissed and Imam Guli
Mirza, Imad-ud-Dauleh, was appointed governor of Kirmanshah and Kurdistan.
Emad-ud-Dauleh named his son, Hashmat-ud-Dauleh, deputy governor of
Imam Guli Mirza Emad- Kurdistan. He was three or four months later called
ud-Dauleh and his son Hesh- father’s death-bed and succeeded him as gover-
mut-ud-Da deh. 1292-1293 nor. He left Sharaf-ul-Mulk to govern Kurdistan
A.H. (1875-1876 A.D.). and remained in Kirmanshah.
In 1293 Ghulam Reza Khan Shihab-ul-Mulk, Shahsavend, was appointed gover-
Ghulam Riza Khan Shihab- nor Kurdistan. He quieted the frontier and treated
ul-Mulk, 1293 A.H. (1876 the people .well, and was always respectful to
A.D.). Mullahs, poor noblemen, poets, and people of learning.
Towards the end of 1293 the governorships of Kirmanshah and Kurdistan
Sultan Murad Mirza Hu- were given to Sultan Murad Mirza Husam-us-Sul-
sam-us-SuItaneh and his son. taneh. Husam-us-Sultaneh named Shihab-ul-Muik
deputy governor, but dismissed him shortly after
wards, and named in his stead his own son, Abdul Fazl Mirza Mu’ayyid-ud-
During the Shaikh Obeidullah troubles, Sharaf-ul-Mulk, grandson of Amanul-
Abul Tarf Mirza Mu’ayyid- lah Khan Buzurg, informed the Shah that should he
ud-Dau!eh, 1293—1299 A.H. and his family be restored to favour, he would wi h
(1877—1882 A.D.). the Kurdistan troops alone seize the Shaikh. Nasr-ud-
Din named him governor of Kurdistan, but cancelled his nomination on accmnt of
local opposition, and Sharaf-ul-Mulk soon afterwards accompanied Muhammad
Rahim Khan’Ala-ud-Dauleh to Azerbaijan and was appointed governor of Ardabil.
In 1299 Kurdistan was taken away from Mu’ayyid-ud-Dauleh and added to
Mahmud Khan Nasr-ul- the lar g e governorship of Zill-us Sultan who appointed
Mulk 1299-1300 AH. (1882- Mahmud Khan Nasr-ul-Mulk governor ol Kirman-
1883 A.D.) for Zil-Sultan. shah and Kurdistan.
Nasr-ul-Mulk left all the affairs of Kurdistan in the hands of Mushir-ud-Divan’
Mirza Ahmed Khan Iqbal- against whom the Mullas and notables of Senna
ul-Mulk, 1300 1302 A H. made numerous complaints to Zill-us-bultan with the
(1883—1885 A.D.) for Zil-es- result that Mirza Ahmad Khan Iqbal-ul-Mulk, son
Sultan. of Mirza Baba Hakim Bashi, was appointed
governor of Kurdistan. During his governorship a fearful feud broke out
between the Kalbaghi and Tilehkuh tribes through a Kalbaghi woman having been
assaulted by a Tilehkuhi.
* Of him T. C. Plowden in 1881 wrote :—
“ The present Governor of Sennah is Abul
Fazl Mirza, son of the Husam-us-Sultaneh
and son-in-law of the present Shah. He
is not a little proud of his high connections,
and likes to affect royal manners and gener
ally to play the prince. He looks for
ward to the time when Turkey will be
weak enough for Persia to risk a war, or
when Persia might, through the interven
tion of some other Power, obtain the
territory of Iraq which Persians so dearly
C °Hi t s highness does not trouble much
about the condition of the province over
which he rules. The administration is
carried on by the Vazir, who has himself
farmed the revenue. The amount to be
collected is nominally fixed at 60,000
tumans: of this sum 25,000 tumans are
retained for local expenses and the balance
remitted to Tehran. But, as the Vazir
has to make his own profit, and also to pay
a yearly pish-kesh to the Governor of no
less than 10,000 tumans, it is evident that
the exactions from the people must con
siderably exceed the nominal assessment
of the province.”

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎53v] (111/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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