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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎56v] (117/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A stream crossed between Surmusi and Kara Bukhra, Kurdistan, on tbe road
from Senna to Sualimanieh.— (T. G. Plowden.)
In 1182 A H. (1768) Khusrau Khan, father of Amanullah Khan Buzurg.
had a bridge built near the village of Kishlaq, which gives its name to this river
In 1268 A.H. (1852) this bridge was repaired by Mirza Muhammad Kizajazir.
The source of the river is in Kuh-i-Sang Safid. Sang Safid is a village of Kurdi
stan 5 farsakhs to the north of Senna. The river flows south of Senna and
passes at J farsakh from the town. Five farsakhs lower down it joins the
Gav-rud.— (H. L. Rabino.)
Captain Vaughan says “ A river which rises north of Senna in Kurdistan
it is a river fed by numerous streams, on which are situated a number o
villages, as well as on its banks. Riverbed here is about 200 yards broad,
between banks which are easy; in summer it contains small but clear streams ,
in spring on the melting of the snows it is in flood ; bed, covered with small
stones, is level. A great number of willows and poplars are grown on its
banks, and wheat and rice during the summer in places m its bed. Melons
are grown during the summer on.its banks. The water is good, dear, and
cold. It contains an immense number of fish south of Senna which,
however, do not run above one pound. About 13| miles north of that place
the river runs down a narrow valley between lofty hills, and “ lles
on its clear waters are joined by the more discoloured ones of the Gav-rud
Daring this part of its course it is fordable at intervals of a quarter of a
mile or less. Fish here take a small spoon, but not very readily, and sometimes
rise to a fly. It then passes the west foot of the Kuh Abdalan, running m a
southern direction with a road down its right bank said to lead to Javanru .
See Ab-i-Zalan.
This river is a stream running down from lake Zeribar in a westerly direction
to Servabad where it joins the Surkaval river.
The river of Palingan has its source in the mountains of the villages of Lihun
(Lun) and Shahini, which are east of Palingan and 12 farsakhs^ south of Senna.
From the source of the river to Palingan it is 6 farsakhs and from there to the
Shirvan it is over 30 farsakhs.
At 15 farsakhs from Senna is the village and mountain of Ruva ”; s ^ r
the foot of which springs the river which is then known as Karasu. From h
to Kirmanshah it is 10 farsakhs. For further particulars see Karasu.
This river has its source in the mountain Kuh-Khan, a lofty be ^ e n e Ti n
the districts
is on the frontier of Sakiz, it joins the Jighatu.
A tributary of the Gav-rud. It flows m the Avroman-Takht district.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎56v] (117/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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