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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎69v] (143/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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GARDANEH NESAN— Elev. 6,350'.
Is crossed by the Kenduleh-Senna road, 2 miles north of Kaleh and the Gav-
rud: the approaches from both north and south are very steep, practicable for
laden animals and men in single file. The pass is bare and open, running
almost level, along a ridge to the west; to the east the ground rises to a rocky
knoll, 200 yards and further more steeply to higher peaks. The pass and hills
around are stony, treeless and with some grass; one mile north lies the
village Nesun.— (Burton.)
GARDANEH RAMOL— Elev. 6,920'.
A bare saddle between the valleys of Ramisht and Kezkezareh (Persian
Kurdistan) crossed by the road from Kenduleh to Senna; to the east at
a distance of one mile stands the village of Ramol: 20 houses of Kurds on bare
mountains slope with some trees and some cultivation round.
Below the north side of the pass is a spring of water and some cultivation :
the grazing ground is good: no fuel or supplies near than Ramol village.
The pass itself is bare and open, sloping gently to higher elevations to either
hand. Ascent from south by easy gradients : to the north the approach is steep.
Practicable for laden animals. The pass can be turned by a path diverging
from the main road at Mish-Kaftan and rejoining it on the ridge to the north
of Kezkezareh.— (Burton.)
A pass in Persian Kurdistan on the Senna-Sulaimanieh road, about 9 miles
beyond Duveisseh. Both ascent and descent are steep, the Sulaimanieh side
being the worst—(T. C. Plowden.)
The point where the road from Kenduleh (Kirmanshah) crosses the mountain
range bounding Senna to the east. The pass is a bare saddle sloping steeply
to the mountain ridge on either hand. The hills are bare of trees, of massive
rounded outlines, and contain herbaceous plants and grass on their northern
aspect. The ascent from the south-east commences from above the village
of Kezkezareh, and the incline is long and gentle with the exception of a short,
steep, and rocky assent above the abovenamed village. The descent to the Senna
side is steeo and zigzagging over shaly slopes to the valley, which lies below
the south-east side of the Bakhan pass (q.v.). There is water below the pass at a
short distance on both sides ; grazing is good , no fuel or supplies ; passable for
laden animals.— (Burton.)
A pass on the Turkish frontier at 2f farsakhs from Merivan and 2f from
Seiranbend, on the road between those two places via Taratuleh.— (Customs.)
A pass in Persian Kurdistan at the upper end of the Kolaserah valley and
on its northern side. It is traversed by a path from Senna to Juvanrud vid
the Gav-rud and Yamenan. To the south lies the valley of Yamenan, the ascent
from which is by a steep zigzag path; the descent to Kolaserah is more
gentle. The path is bare and open, the ridge running almost east and west,
and sloping gently from the latter to the former direction.
The pass cannot be turned and completely commands the approach from the
north but not from the south, which skirts the mountain side from the north
west. There is no water nearer than | mile below either side. From the saddle,
Asauleh on the Kirmanshah road bears 150° 30' and Kolaserah 252°.— (Burton).

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎69v] (143/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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