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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎70v] (145/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A river flowing down the Gav-rud valley, about 30 miles south-south-east of
Senna and fed by numerous springs and streams from the adjacent hills oppo
site Kaleh : its bed about here is 200 yards broad from bank to bank, and in
the spring it is quite impassable. In summer it is fordable and has a stream
about 20 to 30 feet broad. The valley is fairly well populated with villages,
and corn and other crops are grown. As the stream runs furthe; west its
width narrows considerably, and as it runs through the hill to join the Shir van
river its breadth decreases to about 20 or 30 yards from bank to bank,
while its bed gets more stony. It contains numerous runs and pools, but the
fishing is very poor, owing to the practice of the inhabitants of periodically
poisoning the water for the sake of the fish. It is a picturesque stream its
banks in many places being fringed by willow and other bushes. A great deal
of the water is led off for the purpose of irrigation during the summer. _ There is
a route along its banks from Senna to Kaleh. Cows are found grazing °n its
banks in the valley during the summer months. Its waters are quite drinkable.
Partridges are seen in numbers on its banks morning and evening.— (Fau^Mn.)
This pass is crossed by the road from Kanduleh to Senna, about midway
between the roads from Kirmanshah to Senna and Bij ar respectively. The river
here runs in two channels, each 30 yards wide separated by a gravelly bank
or island : the summer months the left channel only holds water, the stream at
midsummer being 10 yards wide and 2 feet deep, of clear and good water.
During the melting of the snows the river is unfordable and is crossed 200 yards
above the ford at a narrow point by a temporary wooden bridge. The valley here
is broad and cultivated : on the left bank, sloping 2 miles to the hills on the
right, it rises to low hills, on a spur of which is the village of Kala commanding
the ford and bridge. Height 5,500 feet.
See Gav-rud.
GAVARUD (Hubitu)—
A village of the district of Hubitu.—(GWnmenf list.)
A village of the district of Javarud.—(Gopernwenf list.)
A village of the district of Hubitu.—(GWnmenf list.)
GAVANTU (1) (Hubitu)—
A village of the district of Hubitu.— (Government list.)
GAVANTU (2) (Huitu)—
A village of the district of Hubitu.— (GWnment list.)
GAVANTU (Saral)—
A village of the district of (Government list.) It is between the village
of Zartak and the Kizil-Uzun.—(Mann.)
A village of the district of Sarah— (Government list.) It is 1 farsahh to
the right of the Senna-Sakiz road, between the villages of Dulbendi and
Husainabad.— (Customs.)

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎70v] (145/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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