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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎75v] (155/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A village of 40 houses in Kurdistan, 163 miles from Kirmanshah, on the road
thence to Tabriz.—-(Napier.)
JAFFARABAD (Kalatarzan)—
A village of the district of Kalatarzan .—{Government list.)
JAFFS (Turks)—
A nomad tribe who lives on both sides of the Turkish frontier as far south
as Khaniqin but chiefly in the Sakiz and Sujbulak districts of Kurdistan
and Azarbaiian. They are considered Kurds, though apparently more resembl
ing Arabs and are divided into theKashkai, Sursur, Babajani, and Abrami clans.
They were formerly Persian subjects, but now acknowledge Turkish sovereignty.
They are popularly said to be able to muster 35,000 horsemen. The who e
of the upland valleys of Sakiz are invaded every spring by these nomads
and mounted parties make swoops on the villages of the district, all of \vhicn
are perfectly defenceless, levy blackmail at their discretion, and recross the fron
tier before they can be punished.— {Gerard ; Plowden.)
Notwithstanding the protests of the Persian Government, Merivanand the dis
tricts of Khurkhureh, Salar, Hubetu, and Tilehkuh are, during five or six months
of the year, occupied by the Turkish tribe of The Jaffs. In contravention of the
treaty between the Persian and Turkish Governments, the chiefs of this tn e,
after having practically destroyed all the villages of these districts, purchased
them and have retained possession of them. During the time of their stay
in Persia not only do the Jaffs import and export all their goods and produce
without paying customs duty, but they also help Ottoman subjects to import
merchandise, specially prohibited goods, such as arms and ammunition and
aniline dyes, without paying duty. These goods are then forwarded, under the
escort of Jaff savars, to Mukri, Afshar, Zinjan, Garrus, Hamadan, and vicinity
of Senna. To stop the incursions of these Jaffs a strong governor is re
quired. It is said that a large amount is allowed every year to the Governor of
Kurdistan out of the revenue of the province to defray the expenses of
preventing the Turkish Jaffs from entering Persian territory.
JAFFS (Tribe)—
Persians. See tribes of Kurdistan.
A large river 22 fartakhs to the north-west of Senna. It flows north wards and has
its rise in the mountain of Chihil Chameh or Chihil Chashmeh, near ® as ^> a y 1 a 8®
12 farsakhs north-west of Senna. This river passes through the districts ot
Sakiz and Siah-Kuh and joins, near Mianduab, the river Tathu which comes
from the mountains of Mukri and falls into Lake Urumieh. {H. L. Rabmo.)
It is crossed by the Senna-Sakiz road at 2% farsakhs hom S&kiz—{Customs.)
Its principal affluents are the Sakiz and Khurkhureh rivers.
A river of Azarbaijan, flowing north between Sainkaleh and Sujbulak
into Lake Urumieh. It forms the boundary between the Turko-Tartar an
Kurd tribes ; the frontier between the Turko-Tartars and Persians is situa e
farther west. At Sujbulak the river is about 300 feet broad, aud its wa era,
as clear as crystal, flow rapidly over pebbles ; it is about one foot deep an
easily fordable. Gerard says that just outside the town of Mianduab it is a on
80 yards broad, 31' deep, and in the winter very difficult to ford owing
♦he floating ice,— {Gerard', Thielman\ 1. D„ W. 0., Part /.)

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎75v] (155/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 February 2020]

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