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File 3136/1914 Pt 6 ‘German War. Turkey. Jeddah. Food Supplies’ [‎31r] (72/472)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (226 folios). It was created in 5 Dec 1914-11 Jun 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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already keen asked far should he ready as a precaution
ary measure in case of necessity*
(?A11) that is now necessary is to await suitable
time to start movementr
In conclusion Shereef says he does not write this
in order to bribe Great Britain but to show that it is
important whether he remains neutral or not*
In a written aide-memoire Shereef strongly urges
stoppage of all exports from India } Aden and African
ii— 11111 l.rninillMMfc., ^ rf| - r —i^ I ■ * ) *'#** , ~*.
ports to Jeddah; suggesting.as ostensible reason for
dni nf^ Ro tiiat, great Britain has done al l in her power
to help Islam but now that German troops are in Syria
and Ottoman Government is under the thumb of Germany
etc,. His Majesty's Government must take steps to pro
tect their own interestSr Real reason for this action
is to excite hostile feeling against Turks and Germans,
Shereef has decided that rising should begin in
Asir this cutting communication with Yemen and he wishes
us to blockade the coastline of Asir very carefully.
Rising will begin at end of coming Arabic month or at
beginning of month after and will be carried on strictly
in conjunction with Idrisir
Shereef will inform us with regard to ammunition
or provisions which he requires by messengers to Port
Soudan who will transfer them to places which he men
tions on Arabian Coastr
In conclusion he lays great stress on absolute
secrecy*
Original letters ore being sent by mail to me and
I will postpone stating my views until letters have been
received and carefully translated*
In the meantime money has been handed over to the
Shereef’s messenger and supplies originally asked for

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Content

Papers concerning the impact of war between Britain and Turkey upon shipping, food supplies and travellers on Hajj pilgrimage, along the Red Sea coast of Arabia (including the Hedjaz [Hejaz] and Yemen), and the wider Arab region. Subjects covered include:

  • Reports of food shortages in the Hedjaz region (including at Jeddah and Mecca), prompted by the Government of India’s prohibition of exports to the region from India in March 1914, the subsequent reinstatement of exports (announced in a communiqué from the Viceroy in May 1915, folios 90-91), and reports of the seizure of foodstuffs by the Turkish authorities at Mecca and Jeddah (ff 44-48).
  • Arrangements for the shipment of foodstuffs to the Hedjaz from Egypt.
  • Italian shipping in the Red Sea, including reports of Italian ships stopping at Turkish-controlled ports, and articles banned from being shipped by Italian vessels (ff 167-168).
  • A reported incident in February 1915, in which Turkish military authorities requisitioned 30,000 sacks of barley from an Italian vessel, reported as being intended for Egyptian pilgrims (ff 153-162).
  • The role of the Italian authorities in the Hedjaz in the distribution of supplies, and the implications on this role of Italy’s entry into the war (ff 85-89).
  • Famine in Yemen, reported by British officials as being the result of locust outbreaks in the region, and shipping restrictions from India (ff 122-124).
  • Discussion of whether British subjects from India should be prohibited, or only discouraged from, travelling to Arabia on pilgrimage in 1915 (ff 69-77).
  • The High Commissioner in Egypt, Arthur Henry McMahon’s 1915 proclamation ‘to the people of Arabia’ (English text, folio 64), including responses to the proclamation, and discussion of its implications, amongst Foreign and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. staff (ff 54-64).
  • Copies of correspondence from McMahon, dated March to June 1916, regarding his negotiations with Shereef [Hussein ibn Ali al-Hashimi] (ff 18-32).
  • In May 1916, a further blockade on foodstuffs to Jeddah (ff 5-17).

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the British High Commissioner in Egypt (Arthur Henry McMahon); the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Arthur Hirtzel, Thomas William Holderness); the British Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Aden (Charles Henry Uvedale Price); the Viceroy and Governor-General of India (Charles Hardinge).

The file contains a single item of correspondence in French, a copy of a letter from the Banque Imperiale Ottomane at Djeddah [Jeddah], dated 27 November 1914 (ff 180-183).

Extent and format
1 volume (226 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 3136 (German War) consists of 6 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/462-467. The volumes are divided into 6 parts, with each part comprising one volume. The part numbers are: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7. There is no part 3.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 228; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3136/1914 Pt 6 ‘German War. Turkey. Jeddah. Food Supplies’ [‎31r] (72/472), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/466, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100038840020.0x000049> [accessed 22 October 2019]

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