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File 3136/1914 Pt 5 ‘German War. Turkey. Hodeida consuls incident’ [‎124r] (256/336)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (164 folios). It was created in 9 Nov 1914-16 Apr 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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; .J
Sir H. Ilodd to Sir Edward Grey.-- (Received December 13, 3 a.m.)
Rome, December 12, 1914.
(No. 575.) R. (December 13, 12'20 a.m.)
NEWS lias [? reached] Rome that on 11th November Turkish police endeavoured
to arrest British vice-consul at Hodeida, who took refuge in neighbouring Italian
consulate. Police then attacked the Italian consul, wounding cavass, and seized
British vice-consul. Information of proceeding [? reaching] Governor of Erythrea
29th November, he sent a ship with wireless telegraphy apparatus, which reached
Hodeida 3rd December. I am informed that vigorous protest has been made at

About this item


Papers relating to the incarceration by Turkish authorities of the British Vice-Consul at Hodeida (also spelt Hodeidah) [Al-Ḥudaydah], George Alexander Richardson, Richardson’s wife, Mary Richardson, and the French Vice-Consul at Hodeida, Monsieur Roux, in the wake of the destruction of a Turkish cargo vessel in Hodeida harbour by the crew of HMS Minto , on 4 November 1914. The file includes:

  • Papers detailing diplomatic efforts to secure the release of the three prisoners. Papers refer to the Italian Government’s protest to the Turkish Government over the incident in Hodeida, in which the Italian Consulate was raided by Turkish officers, and the efforts of the Italian Vice-Consulate at Hodeida, Cavaliere Gino Cecchi, to secure the release of the prisoners.
  • Richardson’s account of his capture, incarceration, and subsequent release on 6 February 1915 (ff 62-86).
  • Mary Richardson’s own account of events (ff 43-58).
  • A draft note from Arthur Hirtzel of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , addressed to the Secretary of State, conceding that HMS Minto had been instructed to ‘proceed up the Red Sea & destroy Turkish steamers and dhows’, and that HMS Minto had set fire to the Turkish vessel before the proclamation of war with Turkey was formally signed (f 60).

Other subjects covered in the file include:

  • Prior to Richardson’s incarceration, discussion between the Foreign Office and Government of India over the entrustment of British Indian interests at Hodeida to the port’s Italian Vice-Consul (ff, 151-154, ff 159-162).
  • After Richardson’s release, the Italian Vice-Consul’s assumption of British consular affairs at Hodeida, and the approval of his work amongst Government officials and members of the Indian merchant community at Hodeida (ff 18-37).
  • Correspondence amongst British officials dated 1916 and 1917, enquiring after the prospect of formally recognising the work done by foreign consular officials at Aden, particularly that of the Italian Vice-Consul at Hodeida (ff 2-14).
Extent and format
1 volume (164 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 3136 (German War) consists of 6 volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/462-467. The volumes are divided into 6 parts, with each part comprising one volume. The part numbers are: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7. There is no part 3.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 162; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3136/1914 Pt 5 ‘German War. Turkey. Hodeida consuls incident’ [‎124r] (256/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/465, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 3 December 2023]

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