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Coll 6/70 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with Germany (Dr Grobba)' [‎49r] (97/179)

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The record is made up of 1 file (88 folios). It was created in 30 Nov 1928-8 Dec 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Cypher telegrum to Mr. atonehewer-Bird, (Jedda).
Foreign Office, January 14th 1940. 5.40 p.ra.
Ho. 3.
My irmediately preceding telegrara [of January 13thi Saudi-
German relations]*
I learn from most secret source that Italian Legation may
have asked Saudi Arabian Government for permission for a German
civil aeroplane to fly over Saudi Arabian territory with Dr.
Grobba and his suite*
2. In spite of precedents where British machines were
concerned, arrival of any German representative by air would give
much added publicity to his appointment and be likely to be
interpreted as a special mark of Ibn Baud’s favour* I therefore
trust that this or any other exceptional facilities will be
refused. Could you throw out a hint by asking whether it is
known by what route Dr. Grobba proposes to travel?
3. Ho attempt would as a matter of fact be made on the
high seas or in Suez Canal to remove a German diplomat from a
neutral vessel, especially after release of Mr. Vereker by German
Government. Position might be different if diplomat entered
territory or territorial waters (other than Suez Canal) under
British or Egyptian control or were intercepted while flying
over such territory or waters.
[Please inform Khartoum] [ ] Cairo only.
Addressed Jedda Ho. 3
Repeated Cairo (for Khartoum) 22

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Content

This file concerns relations between the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia) and Germany. The material in the file dates from two periods: 1928-30 and 1939-41. Notable correspondents include the following: the British Agent at Jeddah (Herbert George Jakins); the High Commissioner, Egypt (George Ambrose Lloyd, Lord Lloyd); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Cecil Gervase Hope Gill); His Majesty's Ambassador in Cairo (Miles Wedderburn Lampson); His Majesty's Ambassador in Bagdad [Baghdad] (Sir Basil Cochrane Newton); His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, Sir Reader William Bullard, and later, Hugh Stonehewer Bird); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Anthony Eden); officials of the Foreign Office.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The conclusion of a treaty of friendship between Germany and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd in April 1929.
  • The appointment of a German Consul in the Hejaz in 1931.
  • Anglo-Yemeni relations.
  • Reports in 1940 that Mussolini has been approached by Hitler with a request that the Italian Government should ask Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to allow German diplomatic representative Dr Fritz Konrad Ferdinand Grobba to take residence Jedda.
  • Whether Ibn Saud should be urged by the British to refuse to receive Dr Grobba.
  • Italy's request for Saudi diplomatic representation in Rome.
  • Ibn Saud's requests for financial assistance from the British Government.
  • The reported arrival of eight German officers (in civilian disguise) in Iran, in late 1940.
  • Reports in 1940 of wireless communication between Riyadh and Germany.
  • Reports in November 1941 of pro-German Arabs having attempted to persuade Ibn Saud to call for an Arab congress to be held in Mecca or Medina during the pilgrimage.

In addition to correspondence the file includes a copy of an English translation of the aforementioned treaty.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).

Extent and format
1 file (88 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 89; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/70 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with Germany (Dr Grobba)' [‎49r] (97/179), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2143, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100039503397.0x000064> [accessed 17 October 2019]

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