Coll 6/64 'South-Eastern Boundaries in [Arabia] – Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913. Attitude of U.S.A.' [77r] (153/183)
The record is made up of 1 file (90 folios). It was created in 29 Jul 1913-27 Jul 1934. It was written in English, French and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
Agreement by Sheikh Mubarek-bin-Subah, Chief of Koweit.
I agree to absolutely prohibit the importation of arms into
Koweit or exportation therefrom, and to enforce this I have issued
a notification and proclamation to all concerned.
. Dated this 24th day of Moharrum, 1?>18 (24th day of May, 1900).
(Seal of Sheikh Mubarek-el-Subah.)
Postal Agreement of February 28, 1904, with the Sheikh
As the British Government has agreed, in accordance with my
desire and for the benefit of traders, to establish a post office at
Koweit, I, on my part, agree not to allow the establishment here
of a post-office by any other Government. I accordingly write
this undertaking on behalf of myself and my successors.
(Seal of She’ikh Mubarek-el-Subah).
Koweit, the IDA Zil Hnj, 1321
(February 28, 1904).
Sir Edward Grey to Tewfik Pasha.
Your Highuess, Foreign Office. October 24, 1911.
In compliance with the request which, under instructions from
your Government, you were good enough to make to me on the
16th ultimo, I have the honour to transmit to you herewith copies
of the agreements concluded by His Majesty’s Government with
the Trucial chiefs of Oman and the Sheikhs of Bahrein and Koweit.
With respect to these agreements His Majesty’s Government
have the following observations to make :—
As regards (A), His Majesty’s Government have informed
the Sheikh of Koweit that so long as he and his heirs and succes
sors act up to their obligations under the agreement, His Majesty’s
Government undertake to support them and accord them their
good offices. His Majesty’s Government reserve to themselves
the right to interpret that term at their discretion.
His Majesty’s Government hold, moreover, a lease of land from
the Sheikh of Koweit.
As regards (B) and(C), His Majesty’s Government take occasion
to remind the Sublime Porte that British rights in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
and on the coast rest not merely on the agreements concluded,
and transmitted herewith to the Ottoman Government, but on the
custom, consent, and long-established relations between the local
chiefs and the Government of India.
* Referred to in article 3 of the convention (see above, p. 2).
About this item
This file relates to boundaries in eastern Arabia (specifically Saudi Arabia and Qatar). It concerns British policy regarding what is referred to as the 'blue line' (the frontier which marked the Ottoman Government's renunciation of its claims to Bahrain and Qatar, as laid down in the non-ratified Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913 and redefined and adopted in the Anglo-Ottoman Convention of the following year).
Much of the correspondence relates to a request for a copy of the 1913 Anglo-Ottoman Convention, which was submitted by the United States Embassy in Angora [Ankara] to its British counterpart (reportedly on behalf of the United States' State Department), as well as to the wider significance of this request in relation to the United States' oil interests in the region.
The correspondence also discusses Foreign Office concerns that aerial survey work carried out by the California Arabian Standard Oil Company (Casoc) in relation to its Hasa oil concession might extend beyond the blue line (subsequent correspondence relays reports of Casoc's aeroplane having crossed the blue line).
Although the date range of the file is 1913-1934 most of the material dates from 1934. In addition to correspondence from 1934, the file includes two letters between officials of the Foreign Office and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. dating from 1924, and printed copies of the Anglo-Ottoman Conventions of 1913 and 1914 (in English and French), both of which contain enclosed maps (with text in English and Arabic). Also included with the Conventions are printed copies of agreements and treaties between Britain and various Gulf rulers, covering 1820-1904, and printed copies of Anglo-Ottoman protocols, covering 1903-1905.
Notable correspondents include the following: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle); the British Ambassador in Angora (Percy Loraine); Hugh Millard, United States Embassy, London; officials of the Foreign Office and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (90 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 91; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
- Written in
- English, French and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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Coll 6/64 'South-Eastern Boundaries in [Arabia] – Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913. Attitude of U.S.A.' [77r] (153/183), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2131, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100039921442.0x00009c> [accessed 26 February 2020]
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