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Coll 5/87S ‘United States: Request for Military Air Transit Rights in India and Burma’ [‎4r] (7/609)

The record is made up of 1 file (303 folios). It was created in 2 Mar 1946-26 Dec 1947. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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OUTWARD
T E L EG RAM
Burma office
&ZEEHK ~
( SWLB30
Pi'om
?o
Despatched
Secretary ot State Tor Burma
Governor of Burma
09 a 00 hours, 80th December, 1947*
TOP SECRET
m
Personal for Governor* uy tolegram 58 of 7th January.
Transit rights for United States military aircraft*
1» The United States Etrfbaaay have infor^ied the i^orelgn Office
that it la the intention of the United Stutee Government to obtain
directly from the Government of Bunta in due course confirmation
of the existing validity after the independence of Burma of the
existing arrangements. They have asked that wo will convey to the
appropriate Bumese authorities at an early date the substance of the
agreement insofar ae it relates to Buraia in order to facilitate
direct conversations between the United Utates and Burmese
authorities.
2 0 on the assumption that Ministers have not yet been informed
of the arrangement it neems possible that to mention the matter to
them at the eleventh hour in the way suggested might provoke
suspicion, whereas if they coins to learn of it simply as an
exist lag arrangement which the new Government of Burma might
reasonably be expected to continue on tho‘transfer of power, it
would not be called in question. On the!other hand, we do not
want to provoke any suspicion in the mind of the Bormans that there
may be agreements or undertakings which have not been communicated
to them and which may come to notice only gradually, &a occasion
arises 9 after the transfer of power. There ie no other agreement,
so far as we are aware, of this nature, and that is perhaps strong
argument for informing them quite frankly and at once*
3. \io shall be grateful for your views. If in your Judgment
wioe course would be at once to iafom Thakin Nu or Tin Tut of
position as suggested by Americans, you have full discretion to do
so. If, on the other hand, you wish to discuss tactics further
before taking action, please do not hesitate to come baok*
Tow will real lee from paragraph 3(g) of our telegram 3206 of 10th
August, 1946, that we took stops to safeguard the rights of
independent Buraia in the mnttsr, and indeed this is doubtless the
reason why the Americans intend to raise the question with
the Government of Burma.
4. You may wish, of course, to discuss the matter with Bowker,
and I should be grateful if in any case you will keep him informed.
Copy to Mr. Ledwidge, P.o. (3)
Col. Haddon, Cabinet Offices.
Mr. Donaldson, C.R.O.
Col. Carter, Jar Staff.
Air MiniDtry.

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Content

The file contains papers related to negotiations for air transit rights for United States military aircraft through India and Burma. The United States Army Air Force (USAAF) had enjoyed transit rights for its aircraft for the duration of the Second World War (1939-1945), and desired to continue these rights for the duration of the military occupations of Germany and Japan. It contains aide memoires, correspondence, memoranda, and notes related to parallel negotiations between the Unites States and the governments of India and the United Kingdom (UK).

Two copies of a report –JP (46) 142 (Final)– on these proposals prepared by the Joint Planning Staff, a subcommittee of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, can be found on folios 123-135 and 137-145. They include appended maps of the route: see folios 134 and 145. A few preliminary drafts of the report can also be found within the file.

Papers relating to customs, health, and passport examination of Royal Air Force (RAF) aircraft in India can be found on folios 27-39.

Towards the front of the file are a small number of papers regarding the need for the UK to enter into negotiations with the newly independent dominions of India and Pakistan in order to ensure continued air transit rights for British military aircraft.

The main correspondents in the file are as follows: officials of the Burma Office (A F Morley, and Leonard Brian Walsh-Atkins) officials of the Cabinet Office (Sir Leslie Chasemore Hollis and Lieutenant-Colonel T Haddon), officials of the Foreign Office, officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , representatives of the External Affairs Department of the Government of India, and representatives of the United States in both London and New Delhi (including Waldermar John Gallman). The file also contains a number of telegrams sent to/from the Governor of Burma and the Viceroy of India.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (303 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 304; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 5/87S ‘United States: Request for Military Air Transit Rights in India and Burma’ [‎4r] (7/609), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2054, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100040141152.0x00000a> [accessed 23 July 2019]

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