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Coll 5/87S ‘United States: Request for Military Air Transit Rights in India and Burma’ [‎13r] (25/609)

The record is made up of 1 file (303 folios). It was created in 2 Mar 1946-26 Dec 1947. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Cabinet Office
U.K. High Commissioner in India,
New Delhi.
UKRI 453 16th July, 1947.
„ , Personal for Sir Terence Shone from Secretary
of State for India.
1* J ^ .His Majesty's Government consider that of
the defence issues that will have to be discussed with the
New Dominions, the most urgent and immediate problem is
to obtain agreements allowing us to continue to maintain
facilities for the transit of military aircraft through
India. The present military routes carry mail, troops
and Government passengers to destinations in the Far East.
It is essential that there should be no gap in the continuity
°f tlie provision of these facilities and arrangements to
this end should, therefore, be concluded with the minimum
of delay. Otherwise we stand to face withdrawal of
facilities, involving a complete cessation of service on
some routes, and in others a temporary stop ubtil alterna
tives can be arranged.
2. x ^ The Viceroy has agreed that this is an issue
that must be dealt with immediately. His No. 1800-S -
of 7th July refers. He has suggested that you should
negotiate forthwith with the Party leaders, as representing
future successor authorities, with the object of obtaining
their consent to continuation, after August 15th, of present
facilities, in form of a stand still agreement.
3 - 4 ., 4 ., t 4,. wi] 4 y 2 u ’ therefore, initiate negotiations
with the Indian leaders at an early date to secure a
stand still agreement for the continuation of the existing
military aircraft transit facilities after August 15th.
Before opening negotiations you should consult the A.O.C.
m C. and ascertain his requirements:-
(a) For locating R.A.F. personnel and equipment
(b) For facilities from D.G.C.A.

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Content

The file contains papers related to negotiations for air transit rights for United States military aircraft through India and Burma. The United States Army Air Force (USAAF) had enjoyed transit rights for its aircraft for the duration of the Second World War (1939-1945), and desired to continue these rights for the duration of the military occupations of Germany and Japan. It contains aide memoires, correspondence, memoranda, and notes related to parallel negotiations between the Unites States and the governments of India and the United Kingdom (UK).

Two copies of a report –JP (46) 142 (Final)– on these proposals prepared by the Joint Planning Staff, a subcommittee of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, can be found on folios 123-135 and 137-145. They include appended maps of the route: see folios 134 and 145. A few preliminary drafts of the report can also be found within the file.

Papers relating to customs, health, and passport examination of Royal Air Force (RAF) aircraft in India can be found on folios 27-39.

Towards the front of the file are a small number of papers regarding the need for the UK to enter into negotiations with the newly independent dominions of India and Pakistan in order to ensure continued air transit rights for British military aircraft.

The main correspondents in the file are as follows: officials of the Burma Office (A F Morley, and Leonard Brian Walsh-Atkins) officials of the Cabinet Office (Sir Leslie Chasemore Hollis and Lieutenant-Colonel T Haddon), officials of the Foreign Office, officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , representatives of the External Affairs Department of the Government of India, and representatives of the United States in both London and New Delhi (including Waldermar John Gallman). The file also contains a number of telegrams sent to/from the Governor of Burma and the Viceroy of India.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (303 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 304; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 5/87S ‘United States: Request for Military Air Transit Rights in India and Burma’ [‎13r] (25/609), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2054, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100040141152.0x00001c> [accessed 24 July 2019]

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